that can find and combat cancer. Molecular-sized
sensors to detect chemicals and toxins in the air.
Tiny cooling chips that can replace compressors in
cars, refrigerators and air conditioners.
Nanotechnology experts claim we'll have the scientific
know-how to construct devices such as these in as
little as 10 years. But in order for them to have
the widespread adoption needed to truly revolutionize
our lives, we don't need to just make them - we have
to make them affordably.
Anand Gadre. An assistant professor at
CNSE since October, Gadre is a known expert in polymeric
Bio-MEMS, or more simply put, Micro-Electro-Mechanical
Systems made of plastic materials for biological
Gadre's current research focuses on the fabrication
of polymeric biofluidic-transdermal microsystems,
or tiny systems that can give out immediate biological
readings simply by placing a small patch on the top
of the skin. Gadre and his co-workers have already
developed and modified this technology under the
supervision of Professor John F. Currie (at the Physics
Department, Georgetown University, Washington DC)
to read -- with absolute accuracy -- a person's glucose
and lactate levels using enzymetic detection techniques
within seconds and without breaking skin. Future
applications may include cancer detection.
most significantly, each "patch" can be
made for as little as 25 cents, and the polymer materials
-unlike the plastics we're familiar with - can
be completely biocompatible and biodegradable.
"Besides low cost, there are a lot of advantages
to polymeric Bio-MEMS," said Gadre. "The prototype
glucose monitoring device can already measure glucose
content non-invasively. But in the future, these
systems may also be able to used for nanoscale transdermal
drug delivery, sensing biomolecules such as glucose
and dispensing insulin as needed, particularly for
diabetic applications. The result is similar to recreating
the pancreas using systems that are many, many times
smaller than a speck of dust."
Gadre's research is also involved in characterizing
the structural, electrical and optical properties
of conducting and insulating polymers. He has developed
a novel one step electrochemical polymerization technique
using conducting+insulating polymeric composites
that can be used for the fabrication of polymeric
gas sensors to detect the hazardous gases such as
Ammonia and Chlorine.
In addition to his extensive research on developing
polymers for micro-sensors and chemical and biological
sensors, Gadre has worked on developing polymeric
light emitting diodes (LED). LEDs, wich have widespread
application, from lighting watches and PDAs to transmitting
information for remote controls, are currently made
primarily out of aluminum-gallium-arsenide. Creating
flexible polymeric LEDs could enable the creation
of light up devices that are hardier, more flexible,
and considerably less expensive.
"Polymeric LEDs are a major focus of polymer research
throughout the scientific community," Gadre said. "Picture
a light-up map with real-time information made out
of polymer film that you could fold and unfold. That's
not out of the question in the next decade."
Anand Gadre comes to SUNY from Georgetown University
in Washington, D.C., where he was Managing Scientist
at the Georgetown Advanced Electronics Laboratory
(GAEL). He earned his Ph.D. in the University Department
of Chemical Technology (U.D.C.T.) from the University
of Bombay in India in 2001