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30-10- 2005

Nano Research : USA

Study Produces Road Map for Nanomanufacturing


Researchers have taken an important step toward high-volume production of new nanometer-scale structures with the first systematic study of growth conditions that affect production of one-dimensional nanostructures from the optoelectronic material cadmium selenide (CdSe).

Using the results from more than 150 different experiments in which temperature and pressure conditions were systematically varied, nanotechnology researchers at the Georgia Institute of Technology created a “road map” to guide future nanomanufacturing using the vapor-liquid-solid (VLS) technique.

The results, reported this month in the journal Advanced Materials (Vol. 17, pp.1-6), join earlier Georgia Tech work that similarly mapped production conditions for nanostructures made from zinc oxide – an increasingly important nanotechnology material. Together, the two studies provide a foundation for large-scale, controlled synthesis of nanostructures that could play important roles in future sensors, displays and other nanoelectronic devices
...read the wave


Nano Debate : UK

Combined Forces of Physics and Medicine to Investigate Hidden Toxicity


A physicist and a medical researcher at the University of Leicester have received a grant of £100,000 from the Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council to look at possible toxic damage from inhaled nanoparticles used for a range of everyday purposes

The small size of nanoparticles in the size range 5-100 nm gives many novel and useful properties and they are used in applications as diverse as face creams, plastics, medical imaging, novel drug therapies and magnetic recording. Such particles are increasingly manufactured and released into the environment on industrial scales.

However, there is growing concern that the very same properties that make them so useful may also lead to enhanced toxicity if the particles are breathed in. The particles are so small - 100,000 particles laid end-to-end would only stretch a few millimetres - that it is not clear how the body's normal defence mechanisms will cope with them.

By harnessing their combined expertise in physics and medicine, Dr Paul Howes, Department of Physics & Astronomy, and Dr Jonathan Grigg, Department of Infection, Immunity and Inflammation, will research possible toxic damage from inhaled nanoparticles...read the wave


Nano Medicine : USA

A laser for nanomedicine

COLUMBIA, Mo. - Prostate cancer is the second most common cause of cancer death among men A modified femtosecond laser can correct poor eyesight and identify malignant melanomas. In addition, it represents an effective tool for laser nanomedicine: It can be used for example to drill nanoholes in cellular membranes and to transfer genes into cells by means of light.

Sixty-four percent of Germans cannot see properly without glasses or contact lenses. One in two short- or long-sighted adults could be treated by a laser operation, and femtosecond lasers are being increasingly used. This type of laser can be focussed through the tissue directly onto the working area, saving time and improving the healing process. There is a disadvantage, however: residual radiation permeates the eye right through to the retina, and may cause impaired vision. Karsten König and his team at the Fraunhofer Institute for Biomedical Engineering IBMT are working on eliminating these side effects. “We are attempting to remove tissue constituents gently and very precisely using extremely low pulse energies of just a few nanojoules,” explains König. This is made possible by a heavily modified femtosecond laser system with a very high pulse sequence, which can focus its beam with great accuracy using precision optics from Zeiss...read the wave


Nano News : USA

Nanotech Pushes Out Medical, Energy Frontiers, Scientist Says


Biotechnology, which is known primarily by its medical and agricultural applications, is increasingly being focused on the building of new biological materials and machines in an astonishing diversity of structures, functions, and uses. The advent of nanotechnology has accelerated this trend. Learning from nature, which over billions of years has honed and fashioned molecular architectural motifs to perform a myriad of specific tasks, nanobiotechnologists are now designing completely new molecular patterns -- bit by bit, from the bottom up -- to build novel materials and sophisticated molecular machines. Over the next generation, advances such as new materials to repair damaged tissues and molecular machines to harness solar energy from the smallest molecular amino acids and lipids will likely have an enormous impact on our society and the world's economy.

Modern biotechnology has already produced a wide array of useful products, such as humanized insulin and new vaccines. But what lies ahead can be even more revolutionary. That is why governments small and large, and industries local and global, are increasingly seeking to attract biotechnology talent and investment. There is no doubt that biotechnology, helped by the tools of nanotechnology, is expanding at an accelerating rate, and that the best is yet to come...read the wave


Nano Biz : USA

Ecology Coatings Wins The Wall Street Journal 2005 Silver Award for Technology Innovation


Akron, OH, October 28, 2005--- Ecology Coatings, Inc., a leading provider of nano-engineered ultraviolet curable coatings, is the winner of the Silver Award for Innovation in The Wall Street Journal's 2005 Technology Innovation Awards competition. Selected from a pool of technology innovators from around the world, Ecology Coatings' chief chemist and co-founder Sally Ramsey was honored for her break from conventional approaches in the materials category. Judges selected Ramsey and her suite of energy efficient industrial coatings for the technology's range of applications and environmental friendliness.

"More than a decade ago, I set out to develop a clean alternative to the coatings used by manufacturers to finish products from autos to golf clubs," said Ramsey. "Of course you have to meet manufacturers' efficiency and performance needs before you can tell the clean tech story. The result is a coating that eliminates the time and energy pain points of the OEM line and, true to our original goal, presents a cleaner alternative. This award is a much-appreciated validation of the utility of our hard work and success towards those ends."

Ecology Coatings' nano-engineered products exhibit a completely new set of performance and application properties and are easily integrated into today's manufacturing infrastructure. The proprietary 100 percent solids formulations contain no...read the wave


Tools of the Trade : Switzerland

NANOSENSORS™ Announces New high-Q AFM probe


Neuchâtel/Switzerland -- NANOSENSORS™ has announced the Q30K-Plus, a novel scanning proximity probe with a very high Q-factor and an enhanced signal to noise ratio for UHV applications.

Based on the well-known PointProbe® Plus FM (Force Modulation) AFM probe NANOSENSORS™ has developed the Q30K-Plus SPM-probe series especially for UHV applications. For high sensitivity and a good signal to noise ratio the new probes are featuring a Q-factor of over 30,000 (up to 50,000) under UHV conditions and a high reflectivity (even at wavelength of over 800nm).

In addition to the enhanced Q-factor and the optimized signal to noise ratio the Q30K-Plus series offers all features of the PointProbe® plus series like a minimized variation in tip shape and a typical tip radius of less than 7nm
...read the wave


Nano News : Japan

AIST Develops Nano-sized Particle Strength Measurement System


Tokyo (JCN) Oct 28, 2005- The Integration Process Technology Group of the Advanced Manufacturing Research Institute, National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology (AIST) has developed a system that can not only observe the deformation of each sub-micron (about 0.1 micron) particle under pressure, but also measure its compressive strength.

In addition to an optical microscope, the system has an atomic force microscope (ATM) equipped with a specially designed probe to measure particle shapes, and a diamond compression indentor whose tip is flattened using a focused ion beam (FIB) process to the extent that the tip is 1 micron in diameter, narrow enough to compress just a single particle at a time.

The technology is expected to be used in the pharmaceutical and cosmetics industries that make use of ceramics technologies and fine particles. Details of the technology development will be presented at the MRS-Japan Academic Symposium to be held in Tokyo on December 10 and 11. Source : JCN


Nano Bad News...

Nanotech Pioneer, Nobel Laureate Richard Smalley Dead at 62


Stanford nanotechnology researchers and technology industry leaders will dedicate the latest nanotechnology research facility on campus-the newly renovated Stanford Nanocharacterization Laboratory (SNL)-on Oct. 5 from 3 to 6 p.m. In the facility, located in the Geballe Laboratory for Advanced Materials, researchers will be able to resolve and HOUSTON, Oct. 28, 2005 ­ Nobel laureate Richard Smalley, co-discoverer of the buckyball and one of the best-known and respected scientists in nanotechnology, died today in Houston after a long battle with cancer. He was 62.

Smalley, who joined Rice University in 1976, shared the 1996 Nobel Prize in Chemistry with fellow Rice chemist Robert Curl and British chemist Sir Harold Kroto for the discovery of buckminsterfullerene, or ³buckyballs,² a new form of carbon.

Smalley died this afternoon at M.D. Anderson Cancer Center, surrounded by family and friends. He is survived by his wife, Deborah Smalley; two sons, Chad and Preston; a brother, Clayton; two sisters, Linda and Mary Jill; stepdaughters Eva and Allison; granddaughter Bridget and a host of friends and relatives.

³We will miss Rick's brilliance, commitment, energy, enthusiasm and humanity,² Rice President David Leebron said. ³He epitomized what we value at Rice: pathbreaking research, commitment to teaching, and contribution to the betterment of our world. In important ways, Rick helped build and shape the Rice University of today. His extraordinary scientific contributions, recognized with the Nobel Prize, will form the foundation of new technologies that will improve life for millions. His life's work and his brave fight against a terrible disease were an inspiration to all.²
...read the wave


Nano News : USA


By Akhlesh Lakhtakia Distinguished Professor of Engineering Science and Mechanics at Pennsylvania State University


Think small, dream big” is a typical slogan about the promise of nanotechnology within the scientific research community. Once relegated to pure fiction, nanotechnology is becoming increasingly linked with advances in biotechnology and information technology. With annual expenditure for nanotechnology research in the United States estimated to be in excess of $2.6 billion in 2004, the word “nano” is even finding its way into popular culture, from daily horoscopes to newspaper cartoons.

Yet the relatively small number of applications that have made it through to industrial uses represent “evolutionary rather than revolutionary advances,” according to a 2004 panel report from the Royal Society of London and the Royal Academy of Engineering.

Nanotechnology is not a single process; neither does it involve a specific type of material. Instead, the term nanotechnology covers all aspects of the production of devices and systems by manipulating matter at the nanoscale.

Take an inch-long piece of thread and chop it into 25 pieces, and then chop one of those pieces into a million smaller pieces. Those itty-bitty pieces are about one nanometer long. The ability to manipulate matter and processes at the nanoscale undoubtedly exists in many academic and industrial laboratories. At least one relevant dimension must lie between 1 and 100 nanometers, according to the definition of nanoscale by the U.S. National Research Council. Ultra-thin coatings have one nanoscale dimension, and nanowires and nanotubes have two such dimensions, whereas all three dimensions of nanoparticles are at the nanoscale...read the wave



Nano Enviroment : Global

Effect of Lubricant on the Formation of Heavy-Duty Diesel Exhaust Nanoparticles


The effect of lubricants on nanoparticle formation in heavy-duty diesel exhaust with and without a continuously regenerating diesel particulate filter (CRDPF) is studied. A partial flow sampling system with a particle size distribution measurement starting from 3 nm, approximately, is used. Tests are conducted using four different lubricant formulations, a very low sulfur content fuel, and four steady-state driving modes. A well-documented test procedure was followed for each test. Two different kinds of nanoparticle formation were observed, and both were found to be affected by the lubricant but in different way. Without CRDPF, nanoparticles were observed at low loads. No correlation between lubricant sulfur and these nanoparticles was found. These nanoparticles are suggested to form mainly from hydrocarbons. With CRDPF, installed nanoparticles were formed only at high load. The formation correlated positively with the lubricant (and fuel) sulfur level, suggesting that sulfuric compounds are the main nucleating species in this situation. Storage effects of CRDPF had an effect on nanoparticle concentration as the emissions of nanoparticles decreased over time. Source : ACS


Nano Products : Japan

Sumitomo Osaka Cement Develops Hydrophilic Coating Material Made of Nano-size Particles for Use in Kitchen Sinks


Tokyo (JCN) - Sumitomo Osaka Cement has developed the world's first nano technology-based coating agent for use on kitchen sinks, and has successfully applied the material to coating Cleanup'ss stainless sink, Super Silent e-sink.

The coating agent is made of nano-sized ceramic compounds developed using the company's proprietary synthesis technology. The agent's hydrophilic property makes it easier to clean oil and stains in a water-running condition.

The ultra-small particles form a thin, transparent coating film, keeping a stainless sink's metallic luster for longer, as well as ensuring surface hardness equivalent to a pencil hardness of 9H.

Durable against alkalis and hot water, the coating agent has applications ranging from consumer electronics goods to plastic components. Sumitomo Osaka Cement aims for sales of 500 million yen ($4.3 mil) in fiscal 2008 by expanding its sales outlets to include overseas.
By Aki Tsukioka , JCN Staff Writer Source : JCN


Nano Storage : In French

Des nanostructures pour augmenter les capacités de stockage des disques durs


Aujourd'hui, la microélectronique peine à répondre aux besoins incessants de la société en terme de miniaturisation et d'augmentation de la capacité de stockage de l'information. Dans le futur, seule la nanoélectronique en sera capable. Cependant, elle nécessite de maîtriser la matière et ses propriétés physiques (magnétiques, électriques, optiques…) à l'échelle du nanomètre. Dans cette perspective, des chercheurs du CNRS et de l'Université Paris 7 (1), en collaboration avec une équipe de l'Ecole polytechnique fédérale de Lausanne, viennent de démontrer les possibilités offertes par une nouvelle approche : l'auto-assemblage.

En travaillant sous vide et en se plaçant à une température donnée (-143°C), les chercheurs ont déposé des atomes de cobalt (qui se sont condensés à partir d'une phase gazeuse) sur des surfaces d'or cristallines. Les atomes de ces surfaces étant rangés selon un réseau régulier, les plots de quelques centaines d'atomes ainsi obtenus forment eux-mêmes un réseau régulier. Cette technique d'auto-assemblage consiste donc à laisser la nature fabriquer des nanostructures. Elle est également qualifiée de « bottom-up » (on part du « bas », c'est-à-dire de l'échelle nanométrique, pour obtenir « plus haut » des propriétés intéressantes à l'échelle macroscopique)...read the wave



Nano Research : USA

Modifications render carbon nanotubes nontoxic

Rice team mitigates toxicity of tiny cylinders with chemical changes


HOUSTON, In follow-on work to last year's groundbreaking toxicological study on water-soluble buckyballs, researchers at Rice University's Center for Biological and Environmental Nanotechnology (CBEN) find that water-soluble carbon nanotubes are significantly less toxic to begin with. Moreover, the research finds that nanotubes, like buckyballs, can be rendered nontoxic with minor chemical modifications.

The findings come from the first toxicological studies of water-soluble carbon nanotubes. The study, which is available online, will be published in an upcoming issue of the journal Toxicology Letters.

The research is a continuation of CBEN's pioneering efforts to both identify and mitigate potential nanotechnology risks.

"Carbon nanotubes are high-profile nanoparticles that are under consideration for dozens of applications in materials science, electronics and medical imaging," said CBEN Director Vicki Colvin, the lead researcher on the project. "For medical applications, it is reassuring to see that the cytotoxicity of nanotubes is low and can be further reduced with simple chemical changes." ...read the wave


Nano Research : USA

Combined Forces of Physics and Medicine to Investigate Hidden Toxicity


A physicist and a medical researcher at the University of Leicester have received a grant of £100,000 from the Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council to look at possible toxic damage from inhaled nanoparticles used for a range of everyday purposes

The small size of nanoparticles in the size range 5-100 nm gives many novel and useful properties and they are used in applications as diverse as face creams, plastics, medical imaging, novel drug therapies and magnetic recording. Such particles are increasingly manufactured and released into the environment on industrial scales.

However, there is growing concern that the very same properties that make them so useful may also lead to enhanced toxicity if the particles are breathed in. The particles are so small - 100,000 particles laid end-to-end would only stretch a few millimetres - that it is not clear how the body's normal defence mechanisms will cope with them.

By harnessing their combined expertise in physics and medicine, Dr Paul Howes, Department of Physics & Astronomy, and Dr Jonathan Grigg, Department of Infection, Immunity and Inflammation, will research possible toxic damage from inhaled nanoparticles...read the wave



Nano Research : USA

Scientists discover new method for creating high-yield single-walled carbon nanotubes


Cousins of the 1996 Nobel Prize-winning buckyball, carbon nanotubes have taken the nanotechnology industry by storm. Exhibiting extraordinary strength, flexibility and unique electrical, mechanical and optical properties, these hollow microscopic fibers are being integrated into numerous electronic and biological products—high-performance computer chips, combat jackets, bomb detectors and drug delivery devices for the treatment of diseases.

Pushing the field one step further, scientists at Stanford University have devised a novel method for growing vertical single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWNTs) on a large scale, a feat that has eluded researchers until now. By modifying the industry's standard approach to producing carbon-based materials—plasma-enhanced chemical vapor deposition (PECVD)—they achieved ultra-high-yield growth of SWNTs, thus increasing their application into commercial products. They report their research in the Oct. 26 issue of Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences ...read the wave



Tools of the Trade : USA

DTI-NanoTech reveals the world 's first combined angular-linear motorized positioning system, RoboMate ™ (Patent Pending) .


DTI-NanoTech announces the commercial release of RoboMate™. The first system of its kind to allow a probe/tool/laser to be precisely positioned at infinitely variable angles with respect to the target sample. Using DTI's Virtual Point™ technology the tip of the probe/tool/laser can remain fixed at a specific point whilst it's angle of approach with respect to the target sample can be varied continuously. The technology, based on a totally new concept and design principle, represents a quantum leap in micro/nano-positioning evolution...read the wave



Nano Research : USA



Small, smaller, nano - nanoscopic particles that can be arranged into controlled superstructures are the stuff from which future “intelligent” materials with new functions could be made. American researchers at the University of Michigan and Ohio University have now developed a “nanothermometer” based on a system made of two different types of nanoparticle.

The thermometer looks like this: the central components of the superstructure are tiny (20 nm) round gold nanoparticles. The research team headed by Nicholas A. Kotov then attached many tinier spheres (3.7 nm diameter) of the semiconducting material cadmium telluride on the surface of these particles by means of molecular “springs” made of polyethylene glycol chains to form a kind of corona around the gold core. When these nanoparticles are irradiated with laser light, the cadmium telluride is induced to glow. The light transfers its energy to an electron–hole pair in the semiconductor acting as a special oscillator, with the electron being in the conduction band and the hole in the valence band. The electron–hole energy packet is called an exciton. When an electron and a hole are reunited, the energy is released as luminescence and the semiconductor particle glows.
..read the wave



Nano Research : UK



Some molecules occur in two versions related to each other like mirror images; this property is called chirality. For example, helical polymers are chiral - they can be either left- or right-handed helices. The left and right versions differ in their optical properties, such as their optical activity (they twist the plane of polarized light in opposite directions). Molecules whose optical properties can be precisely controlled - and switched - are highly sought after, as they present interesting possibilities for new data storage devices, optical components, or liquid-crystal displays. American researchers have now developed a helical polymer with side groups that can be flipped back and forth synchronously, like Venetian blinds.

The research team headed by Bruce M. Novak from North Carolina State University and Prasad L. Polavarpu from Vanderbilt University produced a helical polymer from an achiral building block. The use of a chiral catalyst made it possible to link the monomers exclusively into helices twisted in the same direction
...read the wave



Nano Biz : Germany

BMBF commences the “Technical application of self-organisation” support programme


This programme is intended to help develop self-organisation processes for the realisation of numerous technological applications. This is to be performed by way of the funding of co-operative industrial projects involving applied research. The relevant guidelines were published in the German Federal Bulletin on the 29th of September.

Throughout just the last few years, self-organisation phenomena have gained growing importance in scientific investigations, with an impressive number of applied research results published on this topic. The principles of self-organisation are increasingly regarded in many scientific disciplines and innovative fields of research (for example, nanotechnology and optical technologies) as important steps in the implementation of future technological innovations and generations. In the medium to long term, it is expected that controllable self-organisation processes will enable product innovations and improvements as well as much improved process technologies...read the wave


Nano Research : USA

Road to greener chemistry paved with nano-gold, researchers report


The selective oxidation processes that are used to make compounds contained in agrochemicals, pharmaceuticals and other chemical products can be accomplished more cleanly and more efficiently with gold nanoparticle catalysts, researchers have reported in Nature magazine.

A team of 13 U.K. researchers and one U.S. researcher reported in the Oct. 20 issue of the British journal that the carbon-supported gold catalysts can be fine-tuned with high selectivity for desired products through the addition of trace amounts of bismuth.

The gold catalysts can also carry out partial oxidations under solvent-free conditions, the researchers said, making them more environmentally friendly than oxidation processes that use chlorine, and less costly than those employing organic peroxides.

The team, led by Graham Hutchings, professor of physical chemistry at Cardiff University in Wales, included eight other Cardiff chemists, four scientists from the Johnson Matthey chemical company in the United Kingdom, and a materials scientist from Lehigh University in Bethlehem, Pennsylvania.
..read the wave


Nano Research : USA

Two-Tone Molecular Printing

Nanopipette with two chambers produces microstructures made of biomolecules


The emblem of the Cambridge University, a portrait of scientist Isaac Newton, rendered in microscale as a colorful, fluorescing image: are British researchers just playing around? No, it's a “finger exercise” for serious science. For modern, miniaturized analytical and diagnostic processes, it is necessary to attach microstructures made of different biomolecules to tiny supports with high precision. David Klenerman and his team from Cambridge University and Imperial College (London) used their miniature artwork to prove that their novel “two-tone molecular printing process” is suitable for the production of very highly resolved microstructures.

The new technique is based on the same principle as scanning probe microscopy, in which an extremely fine tip travels over a surface at a very short distance. At the heart of the new “printing” process is a glass nanopipette whose interior is divided into two chambers by a membrane. The chambers can be filled with two different solutions. Each chamber contains an electrode to which a voltage is applied...read the wave



Tools of the Trade : USA

JMAR Announces Successful Beta Testing of Novel Computer Aided Microscope at University of Vermont College of Medicine


SAN DIEGO--(BUSINESS WIRE)--- JMAR Technologies, Inc. (Nasdaq: JMAR) and the University of Vermont have completed initial test and evaluation of JMAR's VersaCAM scanning boom microscopy system at UVM's Microscopy Imaging Center in the College of Medicine. The system, installed at the University in June of 2005, has been available to numerous researchers and clinical pathologists for the purpose of thick tissue pathology research and studies of whole animal models.

Researchers used the VersaCAM system to scan large areas of slides containing various types of tissues and cells. Of particular interest to UVM researchers were the high magnification, large area images of whole mouse aorta cross-sections and large sections of mouse lung tissue that have been exposed to high levels of asbestos. These samples were evaluated for changes in epithelial tissue and collagen buildup as a result of asbestos exposure. Software developed by JMAR converts high-magnification scans of these samples into a low magnification, large area mosaic for viewing at the macro scale, yet enables the viewer to zoom into areas of interest at magnifications up to 3,100X...read the wave



Nano Research : USA

Magnetic Nanoparticles Assembled into Long Chains


Chains of 1 million magnetic nanoparticles have been assembled and disassembled in a solution of suspended particles in a controlled way, scientists at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) report. Such particles and structures, once their properties are more fully understood and can be manipulated reliably, may be useful in applications such as medical imaging and information storage.

The NIST work, scheduled to be featured on the cover of an upcoming issue of Langmuir * (an American Chemical Society journal), is the first to demonstrate the formation and control of centimeter-long chains of magnetic nanoparticles of a consistent size and quality in a solution. The researchers spent several years learning how to make cobalt particles with controllable size and shape, and they hope to use this knowledge to eventually “build” useful structures...read the wave



Nano Debate : EU

Public consultation on risk assessment methods for nanotechnologies.


The European Commission launched a public consultation on risk assessment methods for nanotechnologies on 20 October.

Nanotechnology involves the controlled production of new materials, structures, and devices which have one or more dimensions thousands of times smaller than the diameter of a human hair. The nanoscale confers new technological properties which may however have potential implications for safety and therefore need to be assessed in advance.

EU Commissioner for Health and Consumer Protection, Markos Kyprianou, declared, 'The competitiveness of a society depends greatly on how amenable it is to new developments and technologies. We must avoid a situation where the marketing of highly innovative nanotechnology products is obstructed by difficulties in providing consumers with the safety assurances they seek. Unquestionably, consumer safety remains the first and highest priority. That is why we are looking for the most appropriate way to carry out risk assessments that will assure the safety of Europeans and build confidence in nanotechnology.'...read the wave



Nano Debate : USA

Carbon nanoparticles stimulate blood clotting, researchers report

Both nanotubes and airborne particles cause platelets to clump together


HOUSTON--Carbon nanoparticles – both those unleashed in the air by engine exhaust and the engineered structures thought to have great potential in medical applications – promote blood-clotting, scientists report in an upcoming edition of the British Journal of Pharmacology.

Researchers from The University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston and Ohio University examined the impact of various forms of carbon nanoparticles in a laboratory experiment on human platelets – blood's principal clotting element – and in a model of carotid artery thrombosis, or blockage, using anesthetized rats.

"We found that some carbon nanoparticles activate human platelets and stimulate them to aggregate, or clump together. We also demonstrate that the same nanoparticles stimulated blockage of the carotid artery in the rat model," said research team leader Marek Radomski, M.D., Ph.D., of the Center for Vascular Biology at the Brown Foundation Institute of Molecular Medicine (IMM) at the UT Health Science Center.

C60, a spherical carbon molecule also known as a fullerene or "bucky ball," was the exception, showing no effect on human platelet aggregation and very little effect on rat thrombosis...read the wave


Nano Products : Canada

Ecoprogress to Develop Nanotech


VANCOUVER, BRITISH COLUMBIA- - Consolidated Ecoprogress Technology Inc. (TSX VENTURE:CES) -

Mr John Banks reports:

Consolidated Ecoprogress Technology Inc. is pleased to announce The Company has signed a Letter of Intent with QuarTek Corporation of North Carolina to form a joint venture for the purpose of developing new materials.

QuarTek Corporation is a privately held nanotechnology company based in High Point, North Carolina. QuarTek is researching and developing processes to produce nano-sized materials, devices, and sensors that exhibit physical properties and functions different from those found at larger scales.

"We are looking to our relationship with QuarTek to move beyond the current generation of materials used in existing processes. QuarTek has demonstrated a number of materials and applications that we believe will enhance our business. In addition, QuarTek's research has long range implications for our plans in the context of our mission to replace plastic products with non hydrocarbon based materials that biodegrade," said John Banks, president of Ecoprogress...read the wave



Nano Biz : USA

MFIC Announces Nanomaterials Collaboration with UMass Lowell


MFIC Corporation (Symbol OTCBB: MFIC) has signed a research and collaboration agreement with The University of Massachusetts Lowell (UML) to develop new applications, processes and products in the area of nanomaterials utilizing MFIC's leading-edge materials processing and chemical reactor equipment (the "Collaboration").

Microfluidics, the operating subsidiary of MFIC, will provide a Microfluidizer(R) Processor and the new-generation Microfluidizer(R) Multiple Stream Mixer/Reactor (MMR) lab system, to be located on the UML campus. The MMR is one of only two advanced, fully equipped systems of its kind in existence, having a current value of $350,000. With the processor valued at $100,000, plus the provision of technical and financial support to projects, the MFIC contribution is valued at more than $545,000.

Research will proceed under the direction of the Nanomanufacturing Center of Excellence (NCOE) at UML.

"We expect the Microfluidics equipment will become key manufacturing platforms for high throughput nanomanufacturing," says Prof. Julie Chen, director of the NCOE. "Researchers on campus and across industry sectors are interested in exploring nanoparticle production that is scalable from experimental quantities to production amounts, with consistency and stability." ...read the wave


Nano News : In Dutch

Miljoeneninjectie voor nieuw nano-instituut


Er komt, als het aan de Tweede Kamer ligt, een nieuw instituut voor nanotechnologie. Onder de noemer NanoSystems4Vitality (NS4V) willen de universiteiten van Twente, Groningen, Nijmegen en Wageningen samen met het bedrijfsleven gericht werken aan nanotechnologische toepassingen op het gebied van voeding en gezondheid. De hoofdvestiging zou op de UT-campus moeten komen, vanwaaruit de nieuwe activiteiten worden aangestuurd.

Met het aannemen van een motie van VVD-Kamerlid Stef Blok, op 13 oktober, heeft de Tweede Kamer de deur voor een miljoeneninjectie in NS4V wagenwijd open gezet, al is het laatste woord aan minister Brinkhorst van Economische Zaken. Brinkhorst zou voor dit doel ongeveer 25 miljoen euro moeten onttrekken aan de pot `extra aardgasbaten'. De verwachting is dat NS4V voor honderd researchers werk oplevert, exclusief administratieve ondersteuning. Ook de vier universiteiten (onder meer door het beschikbaar stellen van personeel en faciliteiten) en de industrie investeren fors in het plan.

Met NanoSystems4Vitality willen de vier universiteiten gericht werken aan...read the wave


18-10- 2005

Nano Medicine : USA



RICHMOND, Va.– Researchers working with a man-made, metal-filled nanoparticle are developing the material for use as a diagnostic and therapeutic agent that may boost the sensitivity of MRI techniques and improve the diagnosis and treatment of brain tumors.

Panos Fatouros, Ph.D., a professor in the Department of Radiology at Virginia Commonwealth University, has been awarded a five-year, $3.7 million grant from the National Institutes of Health's National Cancer Institute to lead a team of scientists from VCU and Virginia Tech. In a cooperative effort, they will work to further develop, produce and test nanoparticles that can identify brain tumor cells and selectively target them for radiation therapy.

Harry Dorn, Ph.D., and Harry Gibson, Ph.D., both chemistry professors at Virginia Tech, along with other colleagues created a nanoparticle called a functional metallofullerene (fMF), also known as a “buckyball,” that will serve as the basis for the proposed research. It is envisioned that this research will generate a multi-functional platform that will integrate diagnostic and therapeutic functions..
.read the wave



Nano Research : USA

Proofreading and error-correction in nanomaterials inspired by nature


Champaign, IL --Mimicking nature, a procedure developed by researchers at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign can find and correct defects in self-assembled nanomaterials. The new proofreading and error-removal process is based on catalytic DNA and represents a paradigm shift in nanoscale science and engineering.

Despite much progress made in the self-assembly of nanomaterials, defects that occur during the assembly process still present major obstacles for applications such as molecular electronics and photonics. Efforts to overcome this problem have focused on optimizing the assembly process to minimize errors, and designing devices that can tolerate errors.

"Instead of trying to avoid defects or work around them, it makes more sense to accept defects as part of the process and then correct them during and after the assembly process," said Yi Lu, a chemistry professor at Illinois and a researcher at the Beckman Institute for Advanced Science and Technology. "This procedure is analogous to how nature deals with defects, and can be applied to the assembly of nanomaterials using biomolecules or biomimetic compounds."
...read the wave



Nano Debate : USA

Does Asbestos Hold the Key for Understanding Nanotechnology Risks?


When it comes to assessing the occupational health hazards of exposure to nanoparticles, what can we learn from other small particles and fibers such as asbestos?

That question was the subject of an Oct. 5 presentation made by Fionna Mowat, Ph.D., managing scientist for the Health Sciences Practice of Menlo Park, Calif.-based Exponent, at the Second International Symposium on Nanotechnology and Occupational Health in Minneapolis.

While Mowat's presentation, like many others at the symposium, raised more questions than answers, she concluded that current knowledge of materials such as asbestos, welding fumes and ultrafine particulate matter may be useful in the assessment of the toxicity of nanomaterials.

Drawing a possible parallel to asbestos, Mowat noted that asbestos once was considered a "miracle mineral" before it was discovered to be a human health risk at certain doses...read the wave



Nano Biz : Canada

Raymor Penetrates the Rapid Prototyping Market With the Sale of a new Titanium Powder to EOS GmbH 'Germany'

MONTREAL, QUEBEC--Raymor Industries Inc. (TSX VENTURE:RAR) is proud to announce that its wholly-owned subsidiary, AP&C Advanced Powders and Coatings Inc. (AP&C) has penetrated another market with the sale of a new product, spherical Ti-6Al-4V powder, a titanium alloy, to EOS GmbH. EOS is a German-based manufacturer of laser-sintering equipment, a rapid prototyping and manufacturing technology, serving the aerospace, automotive, and electronics industries. Furthermore, EOS is looking at AP&C to fulfill a need for high quality, high purity spherical titanium alloy powder with its growing list of international clients.

EOS is the world leading manufacturer of laser-sintering systems. Laser-sintering is the key technology for the fast, flexible and cost effective production of products, patterns or tools for every phase of the product life cycle directly from electronic data. Innovative companies from different sectors are using sintering systems to accelerate their product development and to optimize their production processes. The list of EOS customers includes well-known companies such as BMW, Boeing, DaimlerChrysler, Ford, Nokia, Philips, Pioneer, Porsche, Sharp, Siemens VDO, Toyota, VW, and Volvo. Last year, EOS earned more than Euro 43 million in revenues and has experienced an average annual growth rate of 22% over the last 5 years...read the wave



Nano Biz : USA

Nanophase and Competitive Technologies enter nanotechnology agreement


Romeoville , IL, Nano phase Technologies (Nasdaq: NANX) , a technology leader in nanomaterials and nanoengineered products, announced that the Company and Competitive Technologies (AMEX: CTT) have entered into an exclusive agreement under which CTT will actively identify innovative nanotechnologies developed by multiple universities and companies that may be synergistic with Nanophase's technologies and strategic forward initiatives for Nanophase's evaluation and potential licensing. As such opportunities are identified, Nanophase has the exclusive option to evaluate, license and commercialize selected technologies as the Company deems appropriate.

“In view of Nanophase's strategic objectives and initiatives, the relationship with CTT offers Nanophase a direct conduit to the vast array of emerging or new nanotechnologies that are being developed in universities and companies,” stated Joseph Cross, Nanophase's President and CEO. “Our vision is to continue expanding the technology and product capability of the Company as those capabilities clearly relate to revenue growth, especially through relationships with our current and future market partners. CTT offers Nanophase a direct...read the wave


our daily look at the blog's

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17 - 18 February 2006 SAS Nagar Punjab, INDIA
Nanotechnology in Advanced Drug Delivery
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Future Technology : Australia

Harnessing flea power to create near-perfect rubber


In a world first, CSIRO scientists have copied nature to produce a near-perfect rubber from resilin, the elastic protein which gives fleas their remarkable jumping ability and helps insects fly.

This important research breakthrough is reported in the latest edition of the respected international journal Nature (13 October 2005).

Resilin has a near-perfect capacity to recover, or 'bounce back', after stress is applied and extraordinary durability, which may have applications in industry and medicine. It could be used as a high-efficiency rubber in industry, spinal disc implants, heart and blood valve substitutes, and perhaps even to add some extra spring to the heels of running shoes. 

“Resilin has evolved over hundreds of millions of years in insects into the most efficient elastic protein known,” says project leader, CSIRO Livestock Industries principal scientist, Dr Chris Elvin.
..read the wave



Quantum Computers : UK

Qubit link could pave the way for world's most powerful computers


Scientists at The University of Manchester have made a major breakthrough which could pave the way for a new type of high-speed computer.

Professor Richard Winpenny, of the School of Chemistry and a team of international researchers, have discovered a new method which could hold the key to creating the first practical quantum computers.

If built, quantum computers would be the most powerful computers ever made, with speeds millions of times faster than the average PC for some calculations. These speeds would be valuable in factoring large numbers, and therefore extremely useful for encrypting information.

Professor Richard Winpenny and the research team have for the first time demonstrated how qubit rings, pieces of quantum information, can be linked together.

The breakthrough, which results from three years research, opens up the possibility of being able to create quantum gates - a more advanced version of processors found in modern computers.
.read the wave



Nano Biz : USA

QuantumSphere Ramps Product Delivery Capabilities


QuantumSphere, Inc., the leading manufacturer of metallic nanopowders for applications in aerospace, defense, energy and other markets demanding advanced material applications, announced it has named Benjamin Mork, Ph.D. as Senior Scientist and Technical Liaison to address the robust partner and customer demand for QuantumSphere’s products. Dr. Mork will collaborate between QuantumSphere’s current and potential customers and partners to identify their specific business and technical challenges.

As a result, QuantumSphere will accelerate its commercialization initiatives by seamlessly and rapidly delivering and integrating QuantumSphere’s products and solutions in the market. Dr. Mork’s extensive on-site field deployments will also provide critical insight on industry-specific problems shared by other companies, thereby enabling QuantumSphere to understand, proactively respond to and deliver new, revenue-generating products to market. This news follows a previous announcement that QuantumSphere opened a large, new manufacturing facility as a direct result of customer demand from multinational corporations, government agencies, and other major industrial partners.

QuantumSphere is the only supplier of...read the wave



Nano Products : Canada

Nanox launches sampling of its Nanoxite™ Diesel Oxidation Catalyst Products


Nanox Inc, a Quebec based emerging advanced materials company, is currently sampling its first Nanoxite Diesel Oxidation Catalyst (DOC) formulation that exhibits superior performance over existing commercial technologies at significantly reduced platinum levels. Using its robust, patented Activated Reactive Synthesis (ARS) Technology, the nanostructured catalysts are engineered with unique structural features and high surface areas that enable higher catalytic efficiency at lower temperatures without sacrificing durability performance.

These innovative catalysts are simple perovskite-based oxide materials with the strategic active sites anchored by common rare earth and transition elements. The Nanoxite products can readily be incorporated into manufacturing processes used in the catalyst industry today. Leveraging this “perovskite advantage,” these nanograin perovskite-based catalyst formulations address the need for improved catalyst performance at low temperatures while simultaneously reducing platinum group metal dependency...read the wave



Tools of the Trade : USA + Germany

Bruker AXS Announces Agreement to Acquire X-Ray Microanalysis Company Roentec AG


BERLIN--(BUSINESS WIRE)-Bruker AXS Inc. has announced an agreement to acquire Roentec AG, an X-ray microanalysis instrumentation company with annual revenues of $6-7 million, based in Berlin, Germany. Terms of the transaction were not disclosed, but the acquisition is expected to close in the fourth quarter of 2005.

The worldwide X-ray microanalysis market is estimated to be greater than $150 million per year, and Bruker AXS so far has not participated in this market segment. Typical applications of X-ray microanalysis include nanotechnology and advanced materials research with customers in industry, academia and government research facilities.

Roentec has developed a technically leading X-ray microanalysis product line with outstanding detector technology, fast acquisition electronics and a comprehensive, user-friendly analysis and quantification software suite. Roentec also has developed unique mobile systems for the X-ray elemental microanalysis of works of art, as well as transportable Total X-ray Reflection (TXRF) systems for elemental trace analysis in liquids, e.g. for environmental or beverage analysis applications. Roentec has established good distribution and service capabilities in certain countries, primarily in Europe...read the wave



Nano Event : USA

Who Cares?

Dear Members of the Nano Community,

About 2 years ago, I launched an effort to learn if their might be an investment strategy that made sense in nanotech. After travelling to over 30 campuses, my conclusion was that while nano-innovations would eventually happen, not much of the current research would ever reach the market place in a venture capital timeframe of 3-7 years. Although the potential was exciting, one reply came to mind . . .

Who Cares?

I thought, "If science does not lead to an innovation that a consumer will pay for, than it does not hold much value for a venture fund or any investor for that matter."

Despite the discouragement for the immediate future, bringing nanotechnology to market became a passion of mine.. So when the Cleveland Clinic contacted me to help them launch a nano-medicine program with a kick off event called the Nanomedicine Summit last year, I dug in and helped drive the event. Out of that effort we learned that their was a need for a "not-for-profit" group to support networking around various nanotech topics Out of this concern we
...read the wave



Nano Event : UK

International conference on nano-pharmaceuticals, UK


An international conference on nano-pharmaceuticals, 'PDA Nano-Pharmaceutical Conference 2005', will take place in London, UK, on 10 November.

Organised by the Parenteral Drug Association (PDA), this event will focus on cutting edge developments in nano-pharmaceutical product development and commercialisation. The event is designed to give delegates from a diverse range of backgrounds an insight into how nanotechnology is impacting and driving the pharmaceutical industry.

The conference will look at tangible developments; examples of new technologies and product applications, manufacturing technologies, safety concerns and regulatory considerations. It brings together and exemplifies the multidisciplinary focus of this emerging field and aims to convey the technical challenges that lie ahead, and the practical measures that must be taken to capitalise on the benefits it offers...read the wave



Nano Event : USA

Texas Governor Proclaims Nanotechnology Week in Texas


NanoTX'06 has learned that Texas governor Rick Perry has proclaimed the week of September 24 through September 30, 2006, as Nanotechnology Week in Texas. This is the same week nanoTX'06 world conference and trade expo is being observed in Dallas during International Nanotechnology Week (TM). Dallas mayor Laura Miller is said to be preparing a similar proclamation of her own. Fort Worth mayor Mike Moncreif is expected to do the same shortly since Dallas and Fort Worth are now promoting both cities as a single destination. Top minds in nanotechnology from around the world are meeting at the Dallas Convention Center Sept. 26-28, 2006 in observance of International Nanotechnology Week (TM), sponsored by Lockheed Martin, Applied Materials, Zyvex, among other big firms and organizations in nanotechnology.

The governor's proclamation can be seen at www.nanotx.biz, and reads in part: "…to promote awareness about nanotechnology…a campaign will be conducted during the month of September (2006). I encourage all Texans to recognize the significant role that evolving technology can play in fostering economic and technological strength.
"...read the wave



Nano Event : Bulgaria

Workshop on micro and nano engineering: technology and applications, Bulgaria


A workshop on micro and nano engineering: technology and applications will take place in Sofia, Bulgaria, from 25 to 26 November.

Organised by the EU funded FP6 4M Network of excellence - Multi-Material Micro Manufacture: Technologies and Applications, and celebrated in conjunction with the seventh National workshop on nanoscience and nanotechnology, the workshop will focus on the following topics:

- Sensors and actuators
- Assembly and packaging
- Macro and nano manipulations
- Metrology and optics
- Micro-fluidics
...read the wave



Nano Biz : Germany

AMD Opens New 300mm Fab 36 In Dresden, Germany, Continuing Its Track Record Of Flawless Manufacturing Strategy Execution

DRESDEN, Germany --At a ceremony attended by top German government officials and leaders from across the semiconductor industry, AMD (NYSE: AMD) has announced the grand opening of its 300 millimeter (mm) Fab 36 in Dresden, Germany.

“The on-schedule, on-plan opening of Fab 36 is the latest achievement in AMD's growing track record of flawless execution on our manufacturing strategies and goals,” said Hector Ruiz, chairman of the board, president and chief executive officer of AMD. “In AMD Fab 30, using our patented Automated Precision Manufacturing (APM) capabilities, we have had tremendous success in rapidly transitioning to new technology generations and quickly achieving mature yields. Fab 36 is designed to continue this rock-solid consistency, ensuring we can effectively and efficiently meet the growing demand for AMD 64-bit solutions worldwide.”

With the production ramp in Fab 36 progressing on schedule, the company intends to make 90nm production shipments in the first quarter of 2006 and begin 65nm production by the end of 2006. AMD has set a goal to be substantially converted to 65nm in Fab 36 by mid-2007.

Capacity gained through the use of larger 300mm wafers, combined with the speed and efficiencies enabled by APM, plays a fundamental role in the company's growth plans for the next several years. Now in its third generation, APM consists of hundreds of AMD patented and patent-pending technologies that dynamically and automatically optimize fab operations. This unique automated decision-making capability has allowed AMD to accelerate its responsiveness to customer needs, more quickly transition to new technologies, improve quality and operate at increasing levels of efficiency...read the wave



Nano Medicine : USA

Prof develops cancer nanobomb


University of Delaware researchers are opening a new front in the war on cancer, bringing to bear new nanotechnologies for cancer detection and treatment and introducing a unique nanobomb that can literally blow up breast cancer tumors.

Balaji Panchapakesan, assistant professor of electrical and computer engineering at UD, has recently reported on the discoveries in the journals NanoBiotechnology and Oncology Issues .

He is the lead investigator for a team that includes Eric Wickstrom, professor of biochemistry and molecular biology at Thomas Jefferson University in Philadelphia and his student Greg Cesarone, and UD graduate students Shaoxin Lu, Kousik Sivakumar and postdoctoral researcher Kasif Teker.

Panchapakesan said this is basic research in the very early stages of inquiry and that it would take extensive testing and years of clinical trials before the nanobombs could actually be used in medical applications to treat human beings.

“Make no mistake, we are focused on eradicating cancer,” Panchapakesan said, explaining that the nanobombs are the result of work over the past two years with carbon nanotubes, which are atoms of carbon arranged in tubular form...read the wave



Nano Research : Germany

Outsmarting light


A team of scientists headed by Dr. Christoph Lienau of the Max Born Institute for Nonlinear Optics and Short Pulse Spectroscopy (MBI) in Berlin develops and utilizes novel nanoptical techniques for imaging structures that are many times smaller than the wavelength of light. The research is based on a special Scanning Near-Field Optical Microscope (SNOM), patented by MBI, providing extremely high optical resolution and flexible combination with different spectroscopic techniques. A microscope based on this patent was now built for the Research Centre Jülich (Forschungszentrum Jülich), where scientists will use it to examine optical absorption in thin nanostructured layers of silicon. These studies at the Jülich facility are aimed at increasing the efficiency of silicon-based thin-film solar cells.

“We need to know the local optical properties of the silicon structures”, says Jülich scientist Dr. Reinhard Carius. It is not sufficient to only know the morphology of the surface.
..read the wave


| Life process from the viewpoint of physics | Akiyoshi WADA |

Living organisms have a hierarchical structure that consists of molecules, metabolic networks, cells, tissues, organs, individuals, and populations. Prof. Wada has unraveled life processes by studying the various physical properties of macromolecules, including DNA and proteins, that are involved in transmission, recording and expression of genetic information within a cell using innovative methods based on his novel ideas and tools. His studies have been based on the perspective of how living organisms utilize physical and chemical principles for their existence...read the wave


| article courtesy of JAPAN NANONET BULLETIN |

Nano Debate : USA

Diverse Viewpoints Shared at IIT Center on Nanotechnology & Society's First Forum


Chicago ,-Diverse viewpoints on nanotechnology's impact on society were presented to nanotechnology experts from business, science, law, and the social sciences during the inaugural event of the Chicago Nano Forum, hosted by the Illinois Institute of Technology's (IIT) Center on Nanotechnology and Society (Nano & Society). 

The October 7 program at IIT's Chicago-Kent College of Law focused on the intersection of nanotechnology, risk and ethics, and featured Brent Blackwelder, one of Washington's leading environmental lobbyists and president of Friends of the Earth; Nik Rokop, leader of the Chicago Microtechnology and Nanotechnology Community and CEO of nLake Technology Partners, LLC; Vivian Weil, Director, Center for the Study of Ethics in the Professions at Illinois Institute of Technology; and Joan Lebow, a partner with Lebow & Malecki, LLC, who specializes in health law, and a Chicago-Kent College of Law adjunct faculty member.

Nigel M. de S. Cameron, Nano & Society director, opened the program by sharing the Center's goal of catalyzing the national discussion on the ethical, legal and societal implications of nanotechnology, which has been billed as “the killer app” of the 21 st century.  He also posed questions about what the technology means for the human future...read the wave



Nano Biz : USA

Nanogen Announces Patent for Fluorescent Detection of Nucleic Acid Targets


SAN DIEGO, RNewswire-FirstCall/ -- Nanogen, Inc. ( NASDAQ:NGEN ) , developer of advanced diagnostic products, has announced its subsidiary, Epoch Biosciences, was issued Patent No. 6,951,930, "Hybridization-Triggered Fluorescent Detection of Nucleic Acids" by the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office. The '930 patent relates to latent fluorophore-minor groove binder oligonucleotide conjugates which fluoresce upon hybridization to a target. The conjugates may be used to detect nucleic acid targets. The technology described in the patent also allows for simpler and faster fluorescent real-time molecular analyses.

Sensitive and specific detection of nucleic acid targets play an integral role in any molecular application, including infectious and genetic disease diagnostics. Using the latent fluorescent-minor groove binder oligonucleotide conjugates, with low fluorescing backgrounds, either as primers or probes, can create improved diagnostic reagents. These reagents contain shorter highly conserved sequence regions improving assay specificity, and the probes are non-cleavable which allows post-PCR melt curve analysis...read the wave



Nano Biz : USA + Singapore

Advance Nanotech Subsidiary Signs Agreement with IMS Corporation; Singular ID Scanners to Authenticate Tags Containing Magnetic Signatures to be Commercially Manufactured by Established Singapore-Based Company


NEW YORK--(BUSINESS WIRE)--Singular ID Pte. Ltd., the brand protection solution provider, has announced that it has signed an agreement with IMS Corporation Pte. Ltd., a subsidiary of the Singapore Exchange listed Advanced Integrated Manufacturing (AIM) Corp Group of Companies. Under this agreement, Singular ID and IMS Corporation will work together to design, develop and commercially manufacture scanners based on Singular ID's proprietary technology. Singular ID is a subsidiary of Advance Nanotech, Inc., (OTC BB:AVNA.OB - News), the premier provider of financing and support services to drive the commercialization of nanotechnology discoveries.

The Singular ID scanners are a key component of Singular ID's brand protection system that comprises tags containing magnetic features that are prohibitively difficult to counterfeit and so confer a unique identity to an object. This "signature" or "fingerprint" is detected using the scanner and verified against a database. If a match is found, the scanner reports details of the product, enabling an inspector, distributor or indeed consumer to confirm the object's authenticity. Recently, Singular ID announced that it had connected a portable prototype scanner to a commercially available mobile phone and successfully demonstrated its operation from three continents...read the wave



Nano Funding : USA

UNC wins eight top NIH “Roadmap” grants,  more than any other university in the country


CHAPEL HILL – University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill health scientists have garnered more grants – eight – from the National Institutes of Health's highly competitive Roadmap program than any other university in the nation. They also have secured funding for a center to combat cancer through the latest in basic science technology. In 2004 – the inaugural year of the NIH Roadmap grant program – six grants were awarded to Carolina researchers.

Most of the new grants are part of the agency's “Roadmap for Medical Research,” a series of initiatives designed to transform the nation's medical research capabilities and speed the movement of research discoveries from the bench to the bedside. The program provides a framework for NIH funding priorities and represents an attempt to make the country's medical research system more efficient and productive.

UNC will receive $11.6 million under the program and another $3.9 million to fund the first year of the newly established Carolina Center of Nanotechnology Excellence. That center will marry the University's expertise in nanotechnology with patient-oriented research taking place at the Lineberger Comprehensive Cancer Center...read the wave



Nano Defence : USA

JMAR Competitively Selected for Phase I SBIR Grant by U.S. Army for New BriteLight™ Laser Application; Research Grant Focuses on Development of New Sensor for Remote Detection of Hazardous Materials in the Field


SAN DIEGO--(BUSINESS WIRE)--JMAR Technologies, Inc. [JMAR] announced that the Company has been competitively selected for the award of a Phase I SBIR Grant from the U.S. Army to support research leading to the development of a compact laser system capable of real-time spectrochemical hazard analysis in the field. This new detection approach is based on JMAR's proven BriteLight(TM) technology and offers an improved method of detecting hazardous materials from a safe, remote location. Taking advantage of BriteLight's unique combination of excellent spatial beam quality and high pulse energy, this new laser will be specially designed for adjustable, dual-pulse mode operation to support laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy (LIBS). LIBS techniques are well suited to field analysis as only the laser beam must reach the sample, allowing remote monitoring of hazardous materials or materials situated in difficult to reach locations. With minimal modification, JMAR's diode-pumped, BriteLight(TM) laser will provide the performance, weight and cost advantages needed for a field portable LIBS system...read the wave


Nano Biz : Germany + USA



SOUTH JORDAN, UTAH, (NYSE: HW) – HEADWATERSINCORPORATED has announced that DegussaHeadwaters, a joint venture of DegussaAG, Dusseldorf, Germany, and Headwaters Incorporated, South Jordan, UT, USA, is building a demonstration plant for the direct synthesis of hydrogen peroxide (DSHP) in Hanau-Wolfgang, Germany. The company has been developing a completely new method of synthesizing hydrogen peroxide for direct use as an oxidant in chemical processes. It is planning to build, own and operate DSHP plants for “over-the-fence” supply to chemical producers around the world.

The initial phase of activity by DegussaHeadwaters was the construction and operation of a DSHP pilot plant. The pilot plant has successfully operated since the beginning of this year leading to the next step in commercial development, construction of a DSHP demonstration plant.

The DSHP demonstration plant is scheduled to come on stream in the second quarter of 2006 and will be able to produce several thousand metric tons per year of hydrogen peroxide (H 2 O 2 ) in methanol. Dr. Thomas Haas, general manager of DegussaHeadwaters, says: “Development of the DSHP process is proceeding on schedule so the technology should be available commercially for any required capacity level from 2007.” H 2 O 2 produced by the DSHP process is expected to be used as a cost effective raw material in the production of bulk chemicals such as propylene oxide (PO), a raw material for polyurethanes...read the wave



Nano Electronics : South Korea

Samsung Electronics Develops World's First 512-Megabit DDR2 with 70nm Process Technology


SEOUL, South Korea--(BUSINESS WIRE)--Samsung Electronics Co., Ltd., the world leader in advanced memory technology, announced that it has completed development of the world-first 512-Megabit (Mb) DDR2 SDRAM using 70-nanometer processing, the smallest process technology yet applied to a DRAM device.

The new 70nm technology maintains continuity with the 80nm and 90nm processes Samsung now uses in most DRAM production today. However, the number of chips yielded per wafer will be at least 100% higher than could be obtained with 90nm technology.

After completing the first sub-micron DRAM process in 2002, Samsung introduced an 80nm version in 2003 and today has set another industry milestone with the new 70nm version for DRAM fabrication.

Several technological innovations leading to the new 70nm process technology for DRAM, include Samsung's Metal-Insulator-Metal (MIM) capacitor technology, and 3D transistor architecture known as "Sphere-shaped Recess Channel Array Transistor" (S-RACT). These advancements, respectively presented at the VLSI Symposiums of 2004 and 2005, have been applied to overcome the limitations of stacked DRAM cells and vastly improve the data refresh function, critical to the 70nm 512Mb DRAM...read the wave


12-10- 2005

Nano Research : USA

Engineers point way to better use of nanotubes as measuring tips


WEST LAFAYETTE, Ind. – Engineers at Purdue University have shown how researchers might better use tiny hollow fibers called "multi-walled carbon nanotubes" to more precisely measure structures and devices for electronics and other applications.

Findings will appear in the November issue of the journal Nanotechnology.

Researchers attach the tubes to the ends of imaging instruments called atomic force microscopes. Because the tubes are long and slender, their shape is ideal for the emerging field of "nanometrology," which is precisely measuring structures on the scale of nanometers, or billionths of a meter.

Conventional silicon tips used on the microscopes are shaped like inverted traffic cones. They are fine for measuring relatively flat surfaces, but they do not readily penetrate crevices that often exist in tiny devices and structures, said Arvind Raman, an associate professor of mechanical engineering at Purdue. The silicon tips also wear out quickly, reducing image resolution, whereas the carbon nanotubes have been shown to retain their accuracy after many hours of use, said mechanical engineering doctoral student Mark Strus...read the wave



Nano Biz : Austria

NANOIDENT AG wins coveted Upper Austrian Innovation Award 2005


Linz, Austria NANOIDENT AG has received the coveted Innovation Award 2005 bestowed by the Austrian federal province of Upper Austria for producing the world's first high-resolution photodetector based on organic semiconductors. This year, a total of 78 companies presenting 88 innovations in three business categories competed for the Innovation Award, which had been advertised for the twelfth time. NANOIDENT's CEO Klaus G. Schroeter comments on winning the award, “Receiving the Upper Austrian Innovation Award strengthens our strategy to establish Europe's first organic semiconductor factory in Linz, thereby positioning Upper Austria as a leading technological base for the newly emerging organic semiconductor industry.“

Driving force for new future markets

At present, the market volume of silicon semiconductors, which has reached its growth limits, equals approximately 150 billion US $, while the turnover potential of organic semiconductors is estimated to exceed 300 billion US $. More than four fifth of this sales figure will be generated in new application areas. For the first time, sensor applications can be realized that utilize large, flexible, ultra-thin or strongly bent photodetectors. These are new performance properties that are extremely appealing to industrial clients. NANOIDENT's Chief Technology Officer Franz Padinger explains, “This opens up excellent opportunities for ourselves and our partners to design new products and position them in highly attractive market segments previously inaccessible by silicon-based sensors.“...read the wave



Nanobiotechnology : USA

Engineers build DNA 'nanotowers' with enzyme tools


DURHAM, N.C. -- Duke engineers have added a new construction tool to their bio-nanofabrication toolbox. Using an enzyme called TdTase, engineers can vertically extend short DNA chains attached to nanometer-sized gold plates. This advance adds new capability to the field of bio-nanomanufacturing.

"The process works like stacking Legos to make a tower and is an important step toward creating functional nanostructures out of biological materials," said Ashutosh Chilkoti, associate professor of biomedical engineering at Duke's Pratt School of Engineering.

The prefix nano means a billionth and refers to the billionth-of-a-meter scale of such structures.

Last year, Chilkoti and his team demonstrated an enzyme-driven process to "carve" nanoscale troughs into a field of DNA strands. By combining this technique with the new method of adding vertical length to the DNA strands, they can now create surfaces with three-dimensional topography...read the wave


Nano Products : USA

Three New ASTM International Standards in the Works for Committee on Nanotechnology


W. CONSHOHOCKEN, Pa., Although ASTM International Committee E56 on Nanotechnology was just established this year, it has already begun an ambitious program of developing new standards. Committee E56 is currently developing the following proposed standards, which deal with environmental safety issues, hemolytic properties and particle size measurement. Interested parties are invited to participate in the development of any of these proposed

WK8985, Guide for Handling Unbound Engineered Nanoparticles in Occupational Settings

Academic, government and industrial laboratories are currently performing nanotechnology research and development and the scope and breadth of this work is expected to grow dramatically. Manufacturing processes involving nanomaterials have begun and commercially available nano-based products have been introduced...read the wave



Nano Enviroment : USA

DuPont, Environmental Defense Create Framework for Nanotechnology


DuPont and Environmental Defense recently agreed to collaborate on a framework for the responsible development, production, use and disposal of nano-scale materials. Nanomaterials are 1 to 100 nanometers in at least one dimension and exhibit novel properties due to their small size. These materials hold great promise for new applications in materials, energy, medicine and other fields, but more needs to be known about their potential risks.

The intent of this framework is to define a systematic and disciplined process that can be used to identify, manage and reduce potential health, safety and environmental risks of nano-scale materials across all lifecycle stages. This framework will then be pilot-tested on specific nano-scale materials or applications of commercial interest to DuPont.

This agreement will begin to put into action the words of DuPont Chairman and CEO Chad Holliday and Environmental Defense President Fred Krupp in the June 14, 2005 edition of The Wall Street Journal : “An early and open examination of the potential risks of a new product or technology is not just good common sense – it's good business strategy.” .
..read the wave



Nano Coating : USA

Diamon-Fusion® nanocoating specified by US Military to improve safety


Diamon-Fusion International, Inc. (DFI Nanotechnology), global developer and exclusive licensor of the Diamon-Fusion® patented hydrophobic nanotechnology, has been tested and approved by a US Military (US Army) prime contractor, PAS Armored, Inc., to supply its nanocoating to US Army military vehicles, which will improve safety under the wide range of adverse weathering conditions that such vehicles drive through. “Sand-pitting and erosion under desert-like weather conditions have a very harsh impact on the visibility of military vehicles and Diamon-Fusion® substantially improves visibility, as tested by the US Army”, a Senior Official source reported. PAS Protective Armored Systems has recently acquired a DFI license to fulfill the US Army's new order of heavily customized glass armored systems, which includes the application of the patented Diamon-Fusion® nanocoating.

DFI's nanocoating was specified and will be applied on the US Army's High Mobility Multi-purpose Wheeled Vehicle (HMMWV). The HMMWV's mission is to provide a light tactical vehicle for command and control, special purpose shelter carriers, and special purpose weapons platforms. The HMMWV is produced in several configurations to support weapons systems, command and control systems, field ambulances and general cargo transport. PAS produces customized protective glass systems for police patrol cruisers, fully armored vehicles, private vehicles and executive transportation. PAS is an industry leader in glass and polymer lamination and specializes in bullet-resistant and security glazing for government, military, institutional and commercial clients...read the wave



Nano Debate : USA

New ASU center will assess societal implications of nanotechnology


TEMPE, Ariz. –How will rapid technological change influence democracy, affect our privacy, and even change human identity itself? The National Science Foundation has awarded $6.2 million to explore such questions at the new Center for Nanotechnology in Society at Arizona State University. Center researchers will work side by side with scientists who are making nanotechnology a reality to anticipate and understand the societal consequences of this new area of innovation.

The ASU center is the largest in a network of newly funded NSF activities on nanotechnology and society, including a second center at University of California-Santa Barbara and additional projects at Harvard University and the University of South Carolina. The network will support research and education on nanotechnology and social change, as well as provide educational and public outreach activities and international collaborations.

"The Center for Nanotechnology in Society at ASU will be devoted to interdisciplinary studies of nanotechnology with a real social commitment," said ASU President Michael Crow. "It will help us determine the impact of nanotechnology on society and it will allow us to see how society affects the course of nanotechnology research." ...read the wave


Nano Biz : USA

Emerging Technology PR Firm Antenna Group Builds Base in New Industrial Technologies

SAN FRANCISCO‹ ­ At a time when demand is growing for clean technology and nanotechnology is moving from the lab into practical applications, Antenna Group, Inc. has added six clients to its growing New Industrials practice, embracing emerging technology companies in nanotech, cleantech, advanced materials and energy. The additions are Ecology Coatings, the Foresight Nanotech Institute, HelioVolt, NanoDynamics, Renewable Ventures and SiGNa Chemistry. All are promising ventures in what Antenna founder Melody Haller foresees as a technology trend likely to dominate the next few decades.

As a member of the State of California¹s Blue Ribbon Task Force on Nanotechnology, Haller is seeing traditional industries being reinvented, powered by advances in tools, information and materials science, and responding to a business environment of increasingly constrained resources.

The excitement about both nanotech and cleantech are part of this larger transformation...read the wave



Future Technology : USA

NMR Technology Comes to the Lab on a Chip

Remote Detection Makes NMR Compatible with Microfluidics


BERKELEY, CA -- A breakthrough in the technology of nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR), one of the most powerful analytic tools known to science, is opening the door to new applications in microfluidic chips, devices for studying super-tiny amounts of fluids. A team of scientists with Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab) and the University of California, Berkeley, has demonstrated a means by which NMR can be made compatible with microfluidic “lab-on-a-chip” devices.

This demonstration holds great promise for biomedical research, the detection of biohazards and toxic chemicals, and other endeavors in which the chemical composition of a fluid must be determined.

“Our novel methodology bypasses the long-standing problem of optimizing the two basic steps of NMR, signal encoding and detection, by physically separating them, and, at the same time, adds an important dimension to the study of fluid flow dynamics with the possibility of time-of-flight measurements,” said Alexander Pines, one of the world’s leading authorities on NMR technology. Pines holds a joint appointment as a chemist with Berkeley Lab’s Materials Sciences Division and with UC Berkeley, where he is the Glenn T. Seaborg Professor of Chemistry...read the wave



Nano Research : In German

Wie flicht man Nanozöpfe?


Biomimetische Systeme aus steifen Polymeren oder Filamenten und quervernetzenden Molekülen sind in der Lage, komplexe Filamentnetzwerke und -bündel auszubilden. Diese Filamentbündel kann man sich als geflochtene Zöpfe auf der Nanoskala vorstellen, deren Eigenschaften im wesentlichen von der Anzahl der verflochtenen Filamente bestimmt werden. Wissenschaftler am Max-Planck-Institut für Kolloid- und Grenzflächenforschung in Potsdam haben jetzt gezeigt, dass sich wegen der thermischen Bewegung der Filamente Bündel erst dann bilden, wenn die Konzentration der vernetzenden Moleküle einen bestimmten Schwellwert überschreitet. Dieser hängt von der Anzahl der Filamente ab, bleibt aber auch für Bündel aus zahlreichen Filamenten endlich. Verringert man die Konzentration der Quervernetzer, separieren sich die Bündel in kleinere Subbündel oder lösen sich in einem abrupten Phasenübergang komplett auf (Physical Review Letters 95, 038102)...read the wave



Nano Biz : Germany

Nanostart AG decides on capital increase with famous institutional investors


Frankfurt am Main - Nanostart AG has been able to gain a number of famous US institutional investors and one of Germany's three biggest banks as new shareholders. The US investors include SBI USA, a US fund manager and financial advisory concern, as well as the New York investment managers Williams, Jones & Associates, Inc. It was agreed that no details would be released about the identity of the major German bank, which will be putting equity of its own into Nanostart AG.

With the shareholdings acquired by these leading investors, Nanostart AG has now established itself on the international stage as an attractive investment opportunity in the nanotech segment. The new move is a major success for the Frankfurt-based nanotech investment company, since American investors in particular have in the past focused almost entirely on big listed companies in Germany. Nanostart AG is an exception here, and CEO Marco Beckmann believes it is due to the company's sustained growth: "Despite the difficult economic conditions in Europe – and especially in Germany – we have taken the opportunity over the last months and years to build up a high-quality investment portfolio in the nanotechnology sector. We are extremely pleased that top institutional investors are now confirming that we are on the right path by investing in our company." ...read the wave



Nano Biz : EU

EU funded project develops a roadmap for nanotechnology applications


Current nanotechnology applications exploit existing knowledge to create advantages for existing products. But in the medium and long term, greatly improved, or even entirely new, technologies and applications are expected to emerge, initiating a new technological cycle.

The objective of the NanoRoadMap (NRM) project, funded under the Sixth Framework Programme (FP6) is to carry out a long term (ten year) forecasting exercise to provide coherent scenarios and technology roadmaps for nanotechnology applications in three important industrial fields: materials; health and medical services; and energy.

Understanding, observing and controlling the properties of matter with lengths of between 1 and 100 nanometres is a new challenge for the research community and industry. One nano-metre is equal to one billionth of a metre, and is about the size of a small molecule.

Nanotechnology is therefore resulting in a manufacturing revolution, changing the face of industry and, as a general-purpose technology, often combined with non-nanotechnology applications, has a significant impact on almost all industries and areas of society. It could offer better built, longer lasting, cleaner, safer, and smarter products for the home, for communications, for medicine, transportation, energy, agriculture and food, and for industry in general...read the wave



Nano Funding : Australia

Australian Cancer Research foundation announces biggest ever private grant


The Australian Cancer Research Foundation is paving the way for the next wave of cancer research with the announcement today of the biggest private grant ever of $5 million to help make cancer history.

The $5 million grant recipient will be decided by a panel of internationally recognised scientists, chaired by Professor Mathew Vadas and including Professor Sir David Lane. It will be awarded to an Australian researcher who provides the most compelling proposal for cancer research including potential cures for cancer, cancer prevention and the treatment of cancer patients.

"This is an exciting announcement for not only the scientific community but everybody who has been touched by cancer. The $5 million grant will be awarded to help fund what we hope will be a quantum leap in the field of cancer research. The ACRF grant will not exclude big picture, far-reaching proposals for seed funding if that's what it's going to take to move into the next wave of cancer research and innovations that matter. Anything is possible," ACRF Chairman Tom Dery said...read the wave


Nano Storage : Switzerland

Brownian motion under the microscope

High precision single-particle measurements validate a corrected form of the equation describing Brownian motion


Lausanne, Switzerland-- An international group of researchers from the EPFL (Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne), the University of Texas at Austin and the European Molecular Biology Laboratory in Heidelberg, Germany have demonstrated that Brownian motion of a single particle behaves differently than Einstein postulated one century ago.

Their results, to be published online October 11 in Physical Review Letters, provide direct physical evidence that validates a corrected form of the standard theory describing Brownian motion. Their experiment tracked the Brownian fluctuations of a single particle at microsecond time scales and nanometer length scales, marking the first time that single micron-sized particles suspended in fluid have been measured with such high precision.

A hundred years ago, Einstein first quantified Brownian motion, showing that the irregular movement of particles suspended in a fluid was caused by the random thermal agitation of the molecules in the surrounding fluid...read the wave


Nano Products : USA

Emergency Filtration Products To Increase Production of NanoMask to Meet Growing Demand Caused by Avian Flu Threat


HENDERSON, Nev.--(BUSINESS WIRE)- Emergency Filtration Products, Inc. (EFP) (OTCBB: EMFP) has announced that it is planning to increase production of its NanoMask due to a surge in demand. The company has placed an initial order for the production of 500,000 filters from a West Coast based supplier. The filters, which are expected to be manufactured within the next several weeks, will then be shipped to EFP's Henderson, Nevada facility where they will be enhanced with nanoparticles and packaged.

Concurrently, the company expects to receive 50,000 mask shells from Taiwan and has placed an initial order for an additional 100,000 mask shells from its Taiwanese supplier. At the first stage of its production ramp up, EFP expects be able to assemble up to 50,000 masks and nano-enhance 200,000 filters per week. The final assembly will be done in Henderson as soon as EFP receives the filters and mask shells. EFP plans to further increase its production capacity as demand dictates...read the wave


Nano Textiles : EU

Leading European Textile Manufacturers Look Towards Nanotechnologies To Help Them Remain Internationally Competitive in a Quota-Free World


LONDON--(BUSINESS WIRE)--International textile giants such as Zegna, Marzotto, and Ziche will be convening next month in Padua, Italy to discuss what they are expecting nanotechnologies to deliver to help make their businesses stay ahead of the competition.

Representatives from these textile companies along with the leading providers of nanotechnology solutions will be part of EuroFutureTex ( www.eurofuturetex.com ) a conference to be held in Padua, Italy on November 8-9, 2005.

The European textile industry has been experiencing major changes in the business environment as a result of the introduction of quota-free trade since the beginning of the year, and the competition from cheaper Asian imports is already having an effect.

As a result, the European textile industry is taking a closer look at the ability of nanotechnologies to innovate, add value and create new products. Current applications range from enhanced properties such as stain resistance to the integration of textile technologies with sensors and electronics to create major new market opportunities...read the wave


Nano Biz : USA

DENDRITIC NANOTECHNOLOGIES Signs Collaboration Agreement With Nanotechnology Characterization Laboratory


MOUNT PLEASANT, Mich.PRNewswire/ -- DENDRITIC NANOTECHNOLOGIES INC. (DNT), a company that is focused on the discovery, development, and commercialization of dendrimer technologies to create a new generation of innovative products for the identification and treatment of human diseases, has entered into one of the first characterization collaborations with the Nanotechnology Characterization Laboratory (NCL), an organization established by the National Cancer Institute to foster collaboration between the government and the private sector. The agreement with NCL will focus on the characterization by NCL of DNT's STARBURST(TM) dendrimers as macromolecular dendrimer-based MRI contrast agents for sensitive, non-invasive cardiovascular diagnostics.

DNT's STARBURST and Priostar(TM) dendrimers are "smart" biopharmaceutical nanotechnology platforms that can be used to deliver precise quantities of a drug or contrast agent to a specific location within the human body. DNT's dendrimers will be subjected to an assay cascade consisting of physical characterization, in vitro studies, and in vivo ADME/Tox protocols to determine their absorption, distribution, metabolism, excretion, and toxicity. DNT's proprietary dendrimer platform also serves as a targeted diagnostic and therapeutic delivery system for a wide variety of drugs to cancer cells and other diseases. Improved efficacy, enhanced solubility, and lower toxicity have been demonstrated for many existing drugs...read the wave


Nano Debate : USA

The Nanoethics Group to Introduce Societal Issues at ICNT 2005


SANTA BARBARA, CA – The Nanoethics Group today announced that it has been invited to speak at the “Societal Impacts” symposium at the International Congress of Nanotechnology (ICNT), one of the industry’s largest global gatherings. Patrick Lin, Ph.D., research director for The Nanoethics Group, will be the symposium’s first speaker, setting the context for the prestigious event.

Held in San Francisco from October 31 to November 4, 2005, ICNT 2005 brings together the leading minds in nanotechnology from all over the world, including more than 150 speakers from 38 countries as well as Nobel Prize laureates, and offers a rare opportunity to network with top industry professionals and researchers. The event covers a broad spectrum of topics in the emerging field of nanotechnology, from the latest research and development to nanoethics to venture-capital investment and more. ICNT is the annual meeting of the International Association of Nanotechnology, a non-profit association based in Sacramento, California.

Dr. Lin will present a high-level overview of the issues and challenges in studying the societal impact of nanotechnology, including the complexity of evaluating ethical dilemmas, such as balancing out competing rights and obligations, as well a survey of topical areas such as privacy, terrorism, health, economics, politics, environment and others...read the wave



Nano Medicine : USA

UC Santa Barbara named to National Cancer Institute's multi-center nanotechnology collaboration

Materials Scientists at UCSB will develop particles that could attach to specific types of tumor cells


Santa Barbara, California – UC Santa Barbara has been named to collaborate with UCSD and the Burnham Institute, in La Jolla, to apply its acumen in materials science and nanofabrication to the task of creating intelligent nanoplatforms that can deliver payloads of smaller particles to destroy, image or modify tumors, deliver therapies and perform key measurements.

UCSB will receive about $2 million from the National Cancer Institute's grant, a five-year initiative that establishes seven university centers across the country to develop nanotechnology platforms to treat and monitor cancer.

The effort is part of a $144.3 million five-year initiative for nanotechnology research funded by the National Cancer Institute, part of the National Institutes of Health.

Researchers at UCSB will work with chemists at UCSD to make nanoparticles that will be coated with "biolinkers," molecules developed at the Burnham Institute to make the particles attach to specific types of tumor cells...read the wave


Nano Battery : USA

Researcher, Qynergy Corp. to Develop Long-Lasting Power Source


For years scientists who have studied areas in the far reaches of space or remote areas on the earth have had a problem with providing power to a variety of sensors and electronic equipment needed to accumulate the data. That problem is now solved, thanks to a partnership between scientists at the University of Missouri-Columbia's Research Reactor (MURR) and Qynergy Corporation, who have devised a power cell that will provide continuous power for years.

MURR scientists and researchers from Qynergy Corporation developed an optimum design of betavoltaic power cells, an alternative power source for electronic devices. The partnership has yielded the highest energy conversion efficiency ever recorded for such cells. This discovery will create new capabilities for applications that require longer power life in compact, low volume containers. The cells have the potential for continuously generating small amounts of electricity for nearly 20 years.

“In our research, we were able to obtain an energy conversion efficiency of 11 percent, while the highest success to date had only been 5 percent,” said David Robertson, associate director of research and education at MURR. “Our previous research at MURR that developed isotopes for radiopharmaceuticals made it an ideal place to develop and produce the isotopes needed for these compact power sources for homeland security, defense and other applications.” ...read the wave


07-10- 2005

Future Technology : Germany

Wafer-Thin Color Displays for Packaging


Color displays may one day be used practically everywhere. And this would be possible even where it's unprofitable today for cost reasons, such as on food cartons, medicine packaging or admission tickets. At the Plastics Electronics trade fair in Frankfurt, Siemens developers exhibited extremely thin, miniature color displays that can be printed onto paper or foil. And the displays can be produced at very low cost compared to LCD panels. The first displays will become available on the market in 2007.

The displays show information about products, or even operating instructions for devices, directly on the packaging. A pillbox, for example, could display instructions for how it should be taken and provide this information in several languages with the push of a button. Admission tickets for trade shows could indicate the booths where various exhibitors are located. It's also conceivable that small computer games will be on packages or that equipment boxes will display animations that give users step-by-step operating instructions when a button is pushed...read the wave



Nano News : The Netherlands + Vietnam

UT helpt Hanoi met bouw van een nanolab


De Universiteit Twente gaat de Vietnam National University in Hanoi helpen met de ontwikkeling en bouw van een nanolaboratorium. Het is het tweede grote project in de Vietnamese hoofdstad waaraan Tom Aarnink (faculteit Elektrotechniek, wiskunde en informatica) en Henk van de Wetering (Vastgoed) meewerken.

De Vietnam National University, gevestigd in de hoofdstad Hanoi, is met ruim twintigduizend studenten de grootste universiteit van het land. In de nabije toekomst verrijst zo'n dertig kilometer buiten de stad een compleet nieuwe campus met een enorm high-tech park met een totale oppervlakte van meer dan tweeduizend voetbalvelden.

`Het is een heel creatief proces', vindt Aarnink. `De omstandigheden in Vietnam zijn veel moeilijker dan hier. Het moet natuurlijk voor veel minder geld, maar je hebt ook rekening te houden met natuurlijke omstandigheden.' Van de Wetering vult aan: `De vraag was: hoe kunnen we het best aan hun wensen voldoen? Dat kan met simpele, maar hoogwaardige apparatuur. Je kunt wel in een Rolls Royce gaan rijden, maar waarom zou je dat doen als een Daihatsu ook voldoet?' ...read the wave



Nano Research : USA

Physicist presents nano discoveries

Ivan Schuller gestured to a picture of the “home computer of the future,” a room-spanning device from the 1950s and explained how scientists of the era predicted that every American family might one day have such a wonder, thanks to scientific advancement.

“With the teletype interface — none of the young guys know what the hell that means — and the FORTRAN language — one guy's nodding his head, ‘I think that's a language that was invented by the Ancient Egyptians' — this computer will be feasible,” he explained.

Dr. Schuller used the “home computer” to illustrate why science has no business predicting applications for emerging technology. The College of Science invited him to present his findings on nanostructures for a “Frontiers in Science” lecture Thursday, and he said he didn't want such mistakes being made in the growing nanoscience field.

“Basic research pays. Where it pays, it's impossible to predict,” Schuller said
...read the wave



Nano News : In German

Atome unter Kontrolle

Max-Planck-Forscher schaffen mit der "quasipermanenten" Speicherung eines Atoms zwischen zwei Spiegeln die Voraussetzung für verteilte Quantencomputer


Komplexe Rechenoperationen ließen sich durch massive Parallelverarbeitung auf einem Quantencomputer erheblich beschleunigen. Die kleinsten Informationseinheiten sind dabei so genannte Quantenbits, die durch Atome oder Moleküle realisiert werden könnten, vorausgesetzt, man kann deren Position, Quantenzustände sowie Wechselwirkung mit anderen Teilchen nach Belieben manipulieren. Einzelne Atome in einem optischen Resonator so zu kontrollieren, ist nun ein Forscherteam um Professor Gerhard Rempe am Max-Planck-Institut für Quantenoptik in Garching bei München einen entscheidenden Schritt näher gekommen. Wie die Wissenschaftler in der Fachzeitschrift "Nature Physics" (Nature Physics, 9. Oktober 2005) berichten, gelang es ihnen, einzelne Rubidiumatome mit einer ausgeklügelten Anordnung von Lasern in einem optischen Resonator in allen Bewegungsrichtungen zu kühlen und dort im Durchschnitt 17 Sekunden lang zu halten. Das ist die bei weitem längste Speicherzeit, die bisher in stark gekoppelten Atom-Resonator-Systemen erreicht wurde...read the wave



Nano Medicine : USA

PRINT ™ Nanoparticles and Nanodevices to be Used in Studies Awarded by the National Cancer Institute to the University of North Carolina Center of Cancer Nanotechnology Excellence


Research Triangle Park, NC, ---The National Cancer Institute (NCI), part of the National Institutes of Health (NIH), awarded the University of North Carolina-Chapel Hill one of seven centers of cancer nanotechnology research. These centers are an integral part of a $144.3 million, five-year initiative to develop and apply nanotechnology for the detection, diagnosis, and treatment of cancer. The Carolina Center of Cancer Nanotechnology Excellence (CCNE) will focus on the application of PRINT TM nanoparticles and nanodevices for cancer therapy and imaging. The CCNE will be headed by principal investigator Professor Rudolph Juliano and co-principal investigator Professor Joseph DeSimone.

PRINT TM particle technology results in unprecedented control over shape, size, and composition of material when manufacturing nanoparticles, resulting in drug delivery systems previously unattainable. The nanodevice technology includes the development of microfluidic chips from an innovative fluoropolymer technology. These chips have a unique combination of high performance features around precision molding, chemical resistance, gas permeability, and more...read the wave



Nano Medicine : USA

Gold nanoparticles show potential for noninvasive cancer treatment


Researchers from the University of California, San Francisco and Georgia Institute of Technology have found a new way to kill cancer cells. Building on their previous work that used gold nanoparticles to detect cancer, they now are heating the particles and using them as agents to destroy malignant cells.

The researchers are a father and son, working together on opposite coasts. Their study findings are reported in the on-line edition of the journal Cancer Letters, found at Sciencedirect.com (quicksearch: El-Sayed nanoparticles).

"In an earlier study we showed how gold nanoparticles could be bound to malignant cells, making cancer detection easier. Now we have examined how the particles' ability to absorb light helps kill those cancer cells," said principal author Ivan El-Sayed, MD, assistant professor of otolaryngology at UCSF Medical Center.

Ivan conducted the study with his father, Mostafa El-Sayed, PhD, director of the Laser Dynamics Laboratory and chemistry professor at Georgia Tech.

Many cancer cells have a protein, known as epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR), all over their surface, while healthy cells typically do not express the protein as strongly. By conjugating, or binding, the gold nanoparticles to an antibody for EGFR, suitably named anti-EGFR, the researchers were able to get the nanoparticles to specifically attach themselves to the cancer cells...read the wave


Nano Products : USA

High Speed, Low Temperature Nano Silver Ink Developed for Consumer Electronics


PChem Associates' CEO, Dr. Greg Jablonski, announced that PChem's new high speed, conductive ink for flexographic printing is available for shipment. The new ink is ideally suited for high volume production of consumer electronics circuitry in a thickness range of 500 nanometers to 2 microns on a variety of low cost plastic substrates.

Dr. Jablonski stated, “We see a demand for a conductive ink to support high volume print runs of electronic circuitry for consumer electronics. Our customers need inks that can process quickly; that cure to a high level of conductivity at low temperatures. Our silver nanopowder is the perfect platform for this type of application. The unique properties of our silver nanoparticles make them ideal materials for these types of high volume applications. Our nanopowders exhibit properties not found with larger, micron sized metals, enabling our nanopowder based inks to work where other more traditional inks have failed.”...read the wave



Nano Energy : USA

NMSU/Wake Forest solar breakthrough will help spur viability of alternative energy


SANTA FE -- Imagine being able to paint your roof with enough alternative energy to heat and cool your home. What if soldiers in the field could carry an energy source in a roll of plastic wrap in their backpacks?

Those ideas sound like science fiction þu particularly in the wake of the rising costs of fossil fuel.

But both are on the way to becoming reality because of a breakthrough in solar research by a team of scientists from New Mexico State University and Wake Forest University.

While traditional solar panels are made of silicon, which is expensive, brittle and shatters like glass, organic solar cells being developed by this team are made of plastic that is relatively inexpensive, flexible, can be wrapped around structures or even applied like paint, said physicist Seamus Curran, head of the nanotechnology laboratory at NMSU. Nanotechnology, or molecular manufacturing, refers to the ability to build things one atom at a time...read the wave


Nano Storage : Switzerland

Pushing the limits of hard disk storage


Just how much data can we cram onto a hard disk? In a paper appearing online today in Physical Review Letters, EPFL (Ecole Polytechnique Federale de Lausanne) Professor Harald Brune and his colleagues report what they believe to be the ultimate density limit of magnetic recording.

His group created a self-assembled lattice of non-interacting two-atoms-high islands of cobalt on a single-crystal gold substrate. The islands' density -- 26 trillion islands per square inch -- is the highest yet recorded and 200 times the bit density of current computer hard disks. The magnetic properties of the islands are the most uniform ever recorded, and because the islands don't interact with each other, they can each hold one bit of data.

However, it's not a storage medium "ready to use" because these records were posted at the uncomfortably cold temperature of -223 C! Above this temperature, thermal excitation starts to reverse the magnetization and the information in the memory gets volatile...read the wave


Nano Biz : USA

GE Global Research, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center Receive $6.5 Million NCI Grant To Revolutionize Cancer Surgery


NISKAYUNA, N.Y. & BOSTON--(BUSINESS WIRE)--GE Global Research, the centralized research organization of General Electric (NYSE: GE), and the Frangioni Laboratory at the Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center (BIDMC) today announced receipt of a $6.5 million grant from The Cancer Imaging Program of the National Cancer Institute (NCI), National Institutes of Health (NIH), to engage in a five-year industrial/academic research collaboration to enhance the imaging of cancerous tumors during surgery.

New breakthroughs in surgical imaging would enable doctors to more clearly identify the location and extent of a tumor during an operation and could ultimately lead to lower cancer recurrence rates in patients, thus improving the quality of care across surgical hospitals. The Frangioni Laboratory has developed an intraoperative imaging system that permits the surgeon to see diseases, such as cancer, using safe, sensitive, but invisible, near-infrared fluorescent light. GE Global Research will leverage its expertise in medical imaging system design and signal processing to increase the sensitivity of the system and to make it compatible with endoscopy and laparoscopy. This will enable deeper visualization into tissue and enable less invasive forms of surgery, decreasing risk and recovery time for patients...read the wave



Tools of the Trade : France

OPTO 2005 : LovaLite gets the Bronze Photon !


Opto 2005, the leading photonics and optics tradeshow in France with 150 exhibitors and 6000 visitors, took place from september 27th to 29th in Paris . LovaLite , a young start-up from the Technopole de l'Aube en Champagne , has been awarded the Bronze Photon on the “Innovation Showcase” organised by the magazine “ Photoniques ” and the “French Agency for Photonics and Optics industry”, 3 rd price for the French innovation of the year. 16 companies selected by a prestigious jury were competing for the Golden, Silver and Bronze Photons.

LovaLite was competing with its micro tip in polymer (Apex 500µm; length 30µm) adapted at the end of a micro structured optical fiber developed by PERFOS, which clearly enhance the light transmission in optical systems such as very high speed internet or telecom networks...read the wave



Nanoimprint Lithography : USA

SEMATECH and Synopsys to Develop Advanced OPC Models For 45 nm and Below Immersion Lithography


Austin, TX and Mountain View, CA – (– Synopsys, Inc. (Nasdaq: SNPS ), a world leader in semiconductor design software, and SEMATECH, the leading semiconductor consortium, has announced a joint program to develop advanced optical proximity correction (OPC) models that will enable the extension of optical lithography.

A key goal of the program, part of SEMATECH's 193 nanometer (nm) Immersion Lithography Extendibility Project, is to facilitate better understanding of the challenges in process nodes beyond 45 nm so that participants can develop software and manufacturing processes that will meet these challenges. The program leverages Synopsys' industry-leading Proteus mask synthesis software.

The program's preliminary modeling results have been strong, indicating that immersion tools using a 1.3 numerical aperture (NA) can be image-corrected for use at the 45-nm half-pitch. The objective is to eventually enable the extension of immersion lithography to the 32 nm half-pitch, and extend models for optical tools with numerical aperture 1.55 and greater...read the wave


our daily look at the blog's

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17 - 18 February 2006 SAS Nagar Punjab, INDIA
Nanotechnology in Advanced Drug Delivery
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Nano Research : USA

The World's Smallest Fountain Pen?

New microscope tips use capillary action to print patterns tens of nanometers across


The miniscule tip on an atomic-force microscope (AFM) helps researchers both "see" and manipulate the nanoscale environment. Now, engineers have created two novel technologies that enable such tips to write features as small as viruses and to withstand abuse with the resilience of diamond. Eventually, they believe, vast arrays of such nanofountain probes could prove useful for crafting such intricate systems as protein arrays or complex semiconductors.

By taking advantage of the same capillary forces that keep fountain pens flowing, researchers from Northwestern University in Evanston, Ill., created a specialized structure that channels inks from a tiny reservoir down to a miniscule AFM tip.

Existing "dip-pen" techniques utilize the same inks, which range from pigments for creating patterns to organic materials for creating sensors, but they suffer from difficulties with maintaining a regular ink supply. The new "nanofountain probe" can paint features as small as 40 nanometers and carries its own ink reservoir...read the wave



Nano Research : Israel + Germany

Orderly World Found at Liquid-Solid Boundary


Newswise — Researchers have caught the first glimpse of nanometer-scale structures at the boundary between droplets of liquid aluminum and the solid face of sapphire. The detailed view provides direct evidence that the sapphire's crystal structure induces the liquid aluminum atoms to line up in an orderly fashion, which is not normally characteristic of liquids. These findings were published online today by the journal Science at the Science Express Web site.

“Basically, this means we need to think about liquid-solid interfaces in a totally different way,” says Professor Wayne D. Kaplan of the Technion-Israel Institute of Technology, who co-authored the study with Technion Ph.D. student Yaron Kauffmann and colleagues from the Max Planck Institute in Germany.

“The findings have fundamental implications for a variety of processes, including lubrication, the growth of thin crystal layers and ‘wetting,' or how well liquids spread over a solid surface. So many current technological processes depend on our understanding of such phenomena,” Kaplan adds. “For instance, the processes play a key role in building semiconductor chips and other microelectronic devices, soldering materials, and maneuvering liquids through small spaces.” Other applications could include "labs-on-chips," where chemicals or biological fluids are moved through microchannels on a small glass plate, and printing (on fabrics and paper), which also involves the wetting process...read the wave



Nano Food : The Netherlands

New technology for the detection of toxins and pathogens


Plant Research International, part of Wageningen University and Research Centre in the Netherlands, together with CatchMabs, have announced a cooperative study to apply iMab technology to detect mycotoxins in food and plant pathogens in plant material. The partners will advance the work for applications at the nano-level.

CatchMabs develops ‘industrial Molecular Affinity Bodies' (iMabs) – proteins capable of making highly specific and exceptionally strong combinations of previously defined molecules. iMabs are very stable proteins, which means they can also be used under extreme conditions.

One of the core activities of Plant Research International is research to improve the health status of our food. The institute develops diagnostic techniques and methods for the detection of pathogens in plants, including fungi and viruses. In the framework of these activities, Plant Research International is one of the partners in the EU project ‘eBIOSENSE'. The goal of this project is to develop a ‘chip' that can be used for the fast detection of both mycotoxins and pathogens in food
...read the wave



Nano Biz : USA

Ford, Boeing and Northwestern University Announce Intent to Form Innovation Alliance on Nanotechnology


EVANSTON, Ill., PRNewswire-FirstCall/ -- Ford Motor Company, The Boeing Company and Northwestern University -- three big names in technology development -- today announced their intent to work together to focus on making the future very small.

Ford, Boeing and Northwestern are in final negotiations to form a new alliance to research commercial applications of nanotechnology -- the branch of engineering that deals with things smaller than 100 nanometers and at the molecular level. The agreement, which is expected to become final later this month, is designed to pave the way for future advancements in transportation, including cars that could someday be powered by clean hydrogen rather than gasoline.

"Ford has a long history of research in the field of nanotechnology, and this relationship will strengthen our knowledge for the future," said Dr. Gerhard Schmidt, Ford's vice president of Research and Advanced Engineering. "As our Chairman Bill Ford announced recently, innovation is the compass by which we are setting our company's future direction -- stylish in design, safer for families and first in technology that uses new fuels and offers new services to consumers. In line with this commitment, we are very pleased to be working with Boeing. They have been our long-time partner, and our joint collaboration with Northwestern University underscores just how serious we are about innovating for the future together." ...read the wave



Nano Research : USA

New unidirectional molecular rotor may lead to tiny sensors, pumps, switches


A University of Colorado at Boulder team has developed the first computer-generated model of a tiny, waterwheel-like molecular rotor that has been harnessed to rotate in one direction at different speeds in response to changes in the strength of an electrical field applied from the outside.

The synthetic molecule features a chemical axle with two attached "paddles" carrying opposite electrical charges, which is mounted parallel to a gold substrate surface, said Professor Josef Michl of CU-Boulder's chemistry and biochemistry department. The researchers found that the microscopic rotor -- constructed with a few hundred atoms -- will turn in a desired direction at a selected frequency using an oscillating electrical field concentrated in a tiny area above the molecule.

Such molecular rotors may someday function as nanotechnology machines and be used as chemical sensors, cell-phone switches, miniature pumps or even laser-blocking goggles, he said. A paper by Michl and former CU-Boulder postdoctoral student Dominik Horinek, the Feodr Lynen Fellow of the German Humboldt Foundation, appeared in the Oct. 4 issue of the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences...read the wave


Nano News : In German

H-Cube - Hochmoderne Hydriereinheit von Thales Nanotechnology, Inc. aus Budapest erhält renommierten 'R&D 100'-Preis


BUDAPEST, Ungarn, PRNewswire/ -- Thales Nanotechnology, Inc. gab heute bekannt, dass seine Entwicklung vom 'R&D Magazine' als eines der 100 technologisch bedeutendsten und innovativsten neuen Produkte des Jahres 2005 anerkannt wurde. Die preisgekrönte Entwicklung, der H-Cube, ist der erste einer neuen Reihe von Hydrierreaktoren mit stetiger Strömung. Mittels Wasserelektrolyse zur Wasserstofferzeugung macht der schuhkartongrosse H-Cube mit einem Katalysatorpatronensystem und einem Reaktor mit stetiger Strömung die Hydrierung bequem, effizienter und weniger gefährlich. Mit dieser Anlage lassen sich Reaktionen durchführen, die unter normalen Umständen fast unmöglich sind. Das Produkt ist bereits auf dem Markt, und Thales Nanotechnology geht davon aus, dass seine einzigartige Entwicklung die katalytische Hydrierung im kommenden Jahrzehnt revolutionieren wird. "Wir sind sehr froh, dass der 'R&D 100'-Prämierungsausschuss unsere H-Cube-Entwicklung anerkannt hat", kommentierte Dr. Ferenc Darvas, Präsident und Vorsitzender von Thales Nanotechnology...read the wave



Nano Research : USA

Scientists Study and Learn to Prevent Nanoparticle “Merging”


UPTON, NY - Researchers at the U.S. Department of Energy's Brookhaven National Laboratory have identified how billionth-of-a-meter sized metal particles — gold-atom clusters within carbon-atom shells — can mesh together to form larger particles and have also found a way to control this process. The results, published in the September 27, 2005, online edition of Nano Letters, may help scientists determine how these “nanoparticles,” which have unique physical, chemical, and electronic properties, could be incorporated into new technologies.

“Nanostructures that consist of a metal nanoparticle trapped within a carbon cage have great technological promise, such as in electronics and biomedical imaging systems, but scientists have more to learn about them,” said Eli Sutter, a scientist at Brookhaven's Center for Functional Nanomaterials and the study's lead author. “For example, knowing how to control the size of the particles is very important because size is strongly linked to properties like electronic structure and melting temperature.” ...read the wave



Nano Debate : UK



The first generation of commercial nanotechnology companies -- those whose business is based on manufactured nanoparticles -- is already with us. Here is a quick overview of the cast of characters that make up this first wave of the nanotechnology industry in the UK.

1. Ivory tower tech-heads -- The university spin out company
As state funding for academia decreases and universities seek other ways of bringing in revenue, many are either licensing or selling the results of academic research to private companies, or are setting up their own companies to cash in on academic research discoveries. UK examples of nano spin out companies include.
..read the wave



Nano Books : USA

Kinematic Self-Replicating Machines Now Freely Available Online


The most comprehensive review of the field of Kinematic Self-Replicating Machines (KSRM), the title of a book co-authored by Robert A. Freitas Jr. and Ralph C. Merkle , was published in hardback in late 2004.

The book is still available in print , but KSRM is now freely accessible online .

With 200+ illustrations and 3200+ literature references, KSRM describes all proposed and experimentally realized self-replicating systems that were publicly known as of 2004, ranging from nanoscale to macroscale systems.

The book extensively describes the historical development of the field. It presents for the first time a detailed 137-dimensional map of the entire kinematic replicator design space to assist future engineering efforts. KSRM has been cited in two articles appearing in Nature this year (Zykov et al, Nature 435, 163 (12 May 2005) and Griffith et al, Nature 437, 636 (29 September 2005)) and appears well on its way to becoming the classic reference in this field.



Nano Debate: UK



Rising public concern -- over the potential environmental, health and societal hazards of nanotechnology -- threatens to make the issue into a repeat of the GM debate. Potentially trillions of pounds are thus at stake for the many diverse industries involved in the new technology. The PR agency flies, who so spectacularly failed to save GM crops, are beginning to buzz around this new honeypot, sensing a very lucrative feast. They are offering their clients assistance with two key objectives: to maintain governments' evident enthusiasm for nanotech and to win public acceptance of it.

The Nanotech Association (NA), launched in February 2005, brings together a number of key companies from small start-ups to large multinationals. They include: Smith & Nephew and Oxonica. For an industry body with the aim of 'informing and promoting the uses of nanotechnologies' it was a whisper of a launch. And nothing seems to have been heard of it since. Even Nanoforum (see below) failed to print the NA's launch press release until seven months later...read the wave



Nano Products : UK

Automotive Nanotech Paint Protection

Auto Paint Protection has been developed using advanced Nanotech and Polyplexin T11 technology. Car owners can apply and never wax again.


(PRWEB) The Eurochem NanoTech Paint protection System is a unique solution to repel road grime, dirt, salts, bird lyme and atmospheric fallout from your cars paint work.

Toughseal will dramatically improve the visual effects of your paint and protect it at the same time. The Two step cleaning and protection system contains leading edge nanotechnology and Polyplexin T11 resins, which together creates the performance characteristics that have never been achieved before in the automotive paint protection industry. It will maintain the paint finish and protect from UV fading and salt damage, allowing you to never wax again.

Nanotechnology is probably the most exciting development in modern automotive cleaning chemical science. Nanoparticles are miniscule in size and it is by combining these that we can now create products that perform better than we had ever imagined. The difference can be seen with immediate effect.

Washing your car is now easier than ever before, soaps and water quickly form into a sheeting effect on the painted surface, that will disperse using the fresh water from a hose or the natural aerodynamics of the car when in motion, or just allow to dry naturally. This improved formulation is outstanding – and one application lasts for more than 5 years. It can even withstand many car washes...read the wave



Nano Funding : USA

Caltech Receives $3.6 Million to Start Nanosystems Biology Cancer Center


PASADENA, Calif., /PRNewswire/ -- Jim Heath wants to catch cancer earlier and provide more effective monitoring of patients' responses to therapies. The National Cancer Institute (NCI) likes his plan and just awarded him $3.6 million to get started. The first year award from NCI is tentatively expected to continue at the same level for the next five years totaling $18 million.

Heath, the Elizabeth Gilloon Professor and professor of chemistry at the California Institute of Technology, will direct the Nanosystems Biology Cancer Center at Caltech (NSBCC). This center will focus on the development and validation of tools for early detection and stratification of cancer through rapid and quantitative measurement of panels of serum and tissue-based biomarkers.

The new center establishes a collaborative team comprising investigators from Caltech, the Institute for Systems Biology (ISB) in Seattle, and UCLA's Institute for Molecular Medicine and Jonnson Comprehensive Cancer Center. Former Caltech professor and ISB founder Lee Hood is a co-Director of the NSBCC, and Michael Phelps, Norton Simon Professor and Chair of the UCLA Molecular & Medical Pharmacology Department, is also a co-Director...read the wave



Nano Funding : USA

NASA's Johnson Space Center Approves Grant for Nanobacterial Research


TAMPA, Fla.--(BUSINESS WIRE)-Nanobac Life Sciences, Inc. (OTCBB:NNBP) ("Nanobac" or "the Company") has announced a $95,000 grant awarded by CDDF to David S. McKay, Astromaterials Research and Exploration Science Directorate at NASA's Johnson Space Center, for Calcification and Biomineralization and Nanobacteria Research.

The grant will be used to characterize and understand Nanobacteria's calcification and biomineralization properties and focus on nanobacteria as a model for health-threatening calcification and as a model for fossil biosignatures in a search for life. New collaborations are anticipated with JSC Bio-Medical groups, UT Medical Systems, Nanobac Life Sciences (Nanobac), and others. Current theory is that the complex calcification forms produced by these nano-particles not only may have undesirable effects on human health, but may also provide new insights into how fossils form in nature. One goal of NASA's new exploration program is to search for evidence for life, such as fossils on Mars and other planetary bodies...read the wave



Nano Event : Portugal

University of Aveiro hosts nanotechnology conference


Nobel Laureate Sir Professor Harold Kroto from Florida State University, US, was invited to deliver the plenary lecture on "Some New Insights into the Mechanisms of Fullerene and Nanotube Formation". Sir Harold Kroto discussed the exciting birth of C60, a new form of carbon. Its discovery had ignited the scientific community and led to many new fields of research in the nanotechnology world. The plenary lecture attracted around 500 people including professors and students from the University of Averio where the lecture took place.

September 6th saw two short courses offered concurrently on nanostructured materials and thin film characterisation techniques, respectively. The one-day courses were conducted by the renowned speakers Professor Stan Veprek of Germany, Professor Sam Zhang from Singapore, Dr D Lovell of the United Kingdom and Dr J Smith, also from the United Kingdom...read the wave


Nano Debate : Global

Study: Nanotech Processing Greener than Oil Refining

Insurance Industry Risk Model Puts Nanotubes On Par With Wine Making


HOUSTON, Using a method for assessing the premiums that companies pay for insurance, a team of scientists and insurance experts have concluded that the manufacturing processes for five, near-market nanomaterials ‹ including quantum dots, carbon nanotubes and buckyballs ‹ present fewer risks to the environment than some common industrial processes like oil refining. For two of the nanomaterials ­ nanotubes and alumoxane nanoparticles ‹ manufacturing risks were comparable with those of making wine or aspirin.

The study is available online and slated for publication in the Nov. 15 issue of Environmental Science and Technology. It compares the environmental and health risks associated with the production of five nanomaterials ‹ single-walled carbon nanotubes, buckyballs, zinc selenide quantum dots, alumoxane nanoparticles and titantium dioxide nanoparticles ‹ with the risks of making six commonplace products ‹ silicon wafers, wine, high-density plastic, lead-acid car batteries, refined petroleum and aspirin
...read the wave



Future Technology : USA

Space Elevator team successfully climbed 1000ft with HALE system


Bremerton, Washington, -- LiftPort Group Inc.a private group has taken one small step toward the prospect of building a futuristic space elevator.

In late September they successfully tested a robot climber – a novel piece of hardware that reeled itself up and down a lengthy ribbon dangling from a high-altitude balloon.

This last test run, is seen as a precursor experiment intended to flight validate equipment and methods to construct a space elevator . This visionary concept would make use of an ultra-strong carbon nanotube composite ribbon stretching some 62,000 miles (100,000 kilometers) from Earth into space...read the wave



Nano Electronics : USA

Nanoscientists Provide New Picture of Semiconductor Material


ATHENS, Ohio — For almost a decade, scientists thought they understood the surface structure of cubic gallium nitride, a promising new crystalline semiconductor. Research by an interdisciplinary team of nanoscientists from Ohio University and the Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, however, turns that idea on its head.

Their study published in the Sept. 30 online issue of the journal Physical Review Letters provides a fresh – and they argue, more accurate – look at the surface structure of the crystalline material, which could be used in lasers and other electronic devices.

Nancy Sandler, an assistant professor of physics and astronomy at Ohio University, and Pablo Ordejón, a Barcelona professor specializing in the algorithm used in the project, calculated several properties using the currently accepted model and obtained new images of the crystal's surface. Experimentalists Hamad Al-Brithen and his Ph.D. adviser Arthur Smith, Ohio University associate professor of physics and astronomy, recently had used scanning tunneling microscopy to capture an image of the surface...read the wave



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